Soon after returning, he organized his own Australian Antarctic Expedition. The team reached their destination on January 17, 1909 after a long and difficult trek and immediately took possession of the area in the name of British King. Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. Mawson was knighted in 1914 for his achievements as an explorer and scientist. Douglas Mawson was one of Australia’s best explorers. A second camp was located to the west on the ice shelf in Queen Mary Land. This work earned him doctorate in science in 1909. [2] He identified and first described the mineral davidite. The suburb was gazetted in 1966 and is named after him. At the time of his death he had still not completed editorial work on all the papers resulting from his expedition, and this was completed by his eldest daughter, Patricia, only in 1975. Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS FAA (1882–1958) was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer and academic.Mawson was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.The other key leaders were Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton.. Mawson was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire on 5 May 1882. It was recalled by wireless communication, only to have bad weather thwart the rescue effort. Mason Hut, one of the six huts set up by the Australian Antarctic Expedition, is recognized as a Historic Site & Monument under the Antarctic Treaty since 1972. The Mawson Collection of Antarctic exploration artefacts is on permanent display at the South Australian Museum, including a screening of a recreated version of his journey that was shown on ABC Television on 12 May 2008. After his participation in Shackleton's expedition, Mawson became the principal instigator of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911–1914). Collection of Photographic Prints. The Mawson Trail in South Australia is also named after him. Mawson and six men who had remained behind to look for him wintered a second year until December 1913. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire, England on the 5th of May 1882. Douglas Mawson was born on 5 May 1882 in Yorkshire, England, the second son of Robert and Margaret Mawson. Ninnis fell through a crevasse, and his body weight is likely to have breached the snow bridge covering it. At Oxley College in Burradoo, New South Wales, a sports house is called Mawson, as is at Clarence High School in Hobart, Tasmania, Forest Lodge Public School and Fort Street High School, both in Sydney, where he was educated. Douglas Mawson Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. [10] While both men suffered, Mertz suffered more severely. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. His image appeared from 1984 to 1996 on the Australian paper one hundred dollar note and in 2012 on a $1 coin issued within the Inspirational Australians series. On returning back to Adelaide, Mawson published his observations on the aurora and geomagnetism of the area. An alumnus of the University of Sydney, Mawson developed interest in expeditions early in his life. Biography. [9] With six dogs between them (with a liver on average weighing 1 kg), it is thought that the pair ingested enough liver to bring on a condition known as hypervitaminosis A. At each landfall, Mawson proclaimed British sovereignty; but it was understood that these territories would later be handed over to Australia. An alumnus of the University of Sydney, Mawson developed interest in expeditions early in his life. David Roberts' account of Mawson's AAE expedition, Alone on the Ice, and the deadly effect of dog liver are referenced in the plot of an episode of British television series New Tricks, where it is used to commit the almost-perfect murder. He was multi-talented as a Geologist, Explorer and Academic. In 2011, Ranulph Fiennes included Mawson in his book My Heroes: Extraordinary Courage, Exceptional People. During this period, he spent much of his time researching on geology at the Flinders Ranges, the largest mountain range in South Australia close to Adelaide. They crunched the bones and ate the skin, until nothing remained. Sir Douglas Mawson was an English geologist and the pioneer of Australian Antarctic exploration. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. All of this kept him very busy. The expedition also mapped the coastline of Antarctica and discovered new land. Mawson later described his experience in a book titled, ‘Home of the Blizzard’. Sir Douglas Mawson. Both men suffered dizziness; nausea; abdominal pain; irrationality; mucosal fissuring; skin, hair, and nail loss; and the yellowing of eyes and skin. [21] Mawson Peak (Heard Island), Mount Mawson (Tasmania), Mawson Station (Antarctica), Dorsa Mawson (Mare Fecunditatis), the geology building on the main University of Adelaide campus, suburbs in Canberra and Adelaide, a University of South Australian campus and the main street of Meadows, South Australia are named after him. First published in "Remarcable Geographers and Travellers", State Publishing House of Geographical Literature, Moscow, 1960. Immediately after passing out, Mawson took up the job of a junior demonstrator in chemistry. [2] He was 76 years old. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. They enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles of that continent. Douglas Mawson was a geologist who was among the first scientists to explore the continent of Antarctica. He accompanied Ernest Shackleton on the British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), then commanded his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. His image appeared on several postage stamps of the Australian Antarctic Territory: 5 pence (1961),[17] 5 pence (1961), 27 cents and 75 cents (1982),[18] He accompanied Ernest Shackleton on the British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), then commanded his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. They were part of the expedition's northern party, which became the first to attain the South Magnetic Pole and to climb Mount Erebus. Along with Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott, and Sir Ernest Shackleton, he was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Upon returning from the expedition in 1932, Mawson continued teaching at the University of Adelaide. Different parties that set out from the base camps explored large areas of the Antarctic coast and described its geology, biology and meteorology. Mawson was born in England in 1882, and moved to Sydney with his family in 1884. Mawson wanted to do aerial exploration and brought the first aeroplane to Antarctica. Although the aim of the expedition was more geopolitical than scientific the team produced 13 volumes of reports on various subjects such as geology, oceanography, meteorology, terrestrial magnetism, zoology and botany. He began to deteriorate rapidly with diarrhoea and madness. On one occasion Mertz refused to believe he was suffering from frostbite and bit off the tip of his own little finger. In 1919, he received Bigsby Medal from the Geological Society of London. [5], Mawson's exploration program was carried out by five parties from the Main Base and two from the Western Base. Mawson continued the final 100 miles alone. It was unknown at the time that Husky liver contains extremely high levels of vitamin A. Their ship sailed from Hobart, Tasmania on December 2, 1911 and reached Cape Denison on Commonwealth Bay on January 8, 1912. Mawson's first experience in the Antarctic came as a member of Shackleton's Nimrod Expedition (1907–1909), alongside his mentor Edgeworth David. Therefore, Mawson and his companions had to stay back for another winter. He and his mentor Edgeworth David were the only Australians to join the team. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. Mawson died of cerebral hemorrhage on October 14, 1958 at his home in Brighton. [14] These katabatic winds can reach around 300 km/h (190 mph) and led Mawson to dub Cape Denison "the windiest place on Earth".[15][16]. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. These expeditions mapped much of the coastline and conducted a lot of marine science. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. 56 (Mawson's Hut)", "Sir Douglas Mawson Featured on Australian $1 Coin - Coin Update", "Australian Spirit of Mawson ship trapped in Antarctic sea ice", "Expedition to Mawson's Huts: a journey into Antarctica – video", Alone on the Ice: The Greatest Survival Story in the History of Exploration. His father, Robert Mawson, was a cloth merchant from a farming background. The work was ultimately finished by his daughter Patricia after his death and published in 1975. He studied and taught geology at the University of Adelaide . Mawson, Frank Wild and John King Davis were veterans of Antarctic expeditions. In 1929, Mawson was back in Antarctica leading the British Australian (and) New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE). Mawson retired from University of Adelaide in 1952. E.M. Suzyumov (1960, 1968). As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. Next on October 5, 1908, Mawson and Mackay set out for the South Magnetic Pole under the leadership of David. 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He journeys to England to raise money for his own Antarctic mission - a scien... – Lytt til Douglas Mawson 2: The Home of the Blizzard fra Biography direkte på mobilen din, surfetavlen eller nettleseren - ingen nedlastinger nødvendig. Generation. This Accursed Land, foreword by Sir Edmund Hillary, Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 1-84158-141-0. Mawson chose to lead his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, to King George V Land and Adelie Land, the sector of the Antarctic continent immediately south of Australia, which at the time was almost entirely unexplored. Douglas Mawsonwas also working on earning a doctorate at this time. Ultimately they were forced to kill their sled dogs and eat their meat. For other uses, see, Mark Pharoah, curator of the Mawson collection at the, British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Douglas Mawson: An Australian hero's story of survival, "Mawson's Huts Historic Site Management Plan 2013-2018", "Australian Stamp Explorer no. Sir Douglas Mawson (Shipley, Anglia, 1882. május 5. Promote contacts between people who value the history and interests of Sir Douglas Mawson. It includes scientists who were Australian by … Mawson was the sole survivor of the three-man Far Eastern Party, which travelled across the Mertz and Ninnis Glaciers named after his two deceased companions. Douglas Mawson has returned from the Shackleton Expedition in Antarctica, but he soon gets the urge to go back to the ice. In 1916 the American Geographical Society awarded him the David Livingstone Centenary Medal. Mawson married Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat (daughter of the metallurgist G. D. Delprat) on 31 March 1914 at Holy Trinity Church of England, Balaclava, Victoria. In 2013 an "Australian Mawson Centenary Expedition" was led by Australian Polar scientists Chris Turney and Chris Fogwill, of the University of New South Wales, together with Antarctic veteran geologist and mountaineer Greg Mortimer and a group of scientists and adventurers. British by birth, Mawson moved to Australia as a young boy and spent his life there. He died at his Brighton home on 14 October 1958 from a cerebral haemorrhage. In 1909, Douglas Mawson was 27 years old and already an Antarctic veteran. His findings have been documented in his report ‘Geological investigations in the Broken Hill area’. Finally they were rescued in December 1913. They had two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. It was also not known that such levels of vitamin A could cause liver damage to humans. He returned to the University of Adelaide in 1919 and became a full professor in 1921, contributing much to Australian geology. Mawson was born in England and came to Australia as an infant. With him were gone six dogs, most of their rations, tents and other essential items. However, he was equally adept in his subject. In 1984, 70 years on, his face appeared on the 100 Australian dollar bank note. In 1905, he got his first formal job, teaching geology at the University of Adelaide, where he had also attended college. While working at the university, he also did field investigation in Wales. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? He returned to the Antarctic as the leader of the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (1929–1931), which led to a territorial claim in the form of the Australian Antarctic Territory. They built a hut on the rocky cape and wintered through nearly constant blizzards. Also that year he published a geological paper on Mittagong, New South Wales. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 05:42. In an attempt to chart the coastline directly south of … When Mawson finally made it back to Cape Denison, the ship Aurora had left only a few hours before. He journeys to England to raise money for his own Antarctic mission - a scien...– Ouça o Douglas Mawson 2: The Home of the Blizzard de Biography instantaneamente no seu tablet, telefone ou navegador - sem fazer qualquer download. [22] In December 2013, some of the expedition members revisited Mawson's huts at Cape Denison on Commonwealth Bay. ), ausztrál geológus, Antarktisz-kutató.Az első volt, aki először elérte a déli mágneses sarkot.. Szülei Ellis és Margaret Ann Mawson voltak. His parents were Margaret and He organised and led the joint British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition in 1929–31, which resulted in the formation of the Australian Antarctic Territory in 1936. However, before he could complete his doctoral work, he was invited to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica under the leadership of Ernest Shackleton as a physicist and surveyor. However, the engine did not operate well in the cold, and it was removed and returned to Vickers in England. Mawson joined Ernest Shackleton's Nimrod Expedition (1907–1909) to the Antarctic, originally intending to stay for the duration of the ship's presence in the first summer. Sir Douglas was buried at the historic cemetery of St Jude's Church, 444 Brighton Road, Brighton, South Australia, in 1958. Promote and support scientific and historical education and research related to Sir Douglas Mawson's interests. The family moved to Rooty Hill, near Sydney, in 1884. In addition, Mawson also set up two auxiliary bases. @paulxharris Sat 26 Jan 2013 19.04 EST First published on … The Call of Aurora investigates the relationship between Douglas Mawson and his wireless operator, Sidney Jeffryes, who developed symptoms of paranoia and had to be relieved of his duties. Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic. They also set up the first radio connection at Antarctica. The expedition explored thousands of kilometres of previously unexplored regions, collected geological and botanical samples, and made important scientific observations. However, the expedition also highlighted his survival capacity. These expeditions also collected huge amount of scientific data, which helped to carry on further investigation. Initially they made excellent progress; but on December 14, Ninnis disappeared into a crevasse. In 1905, he was appointed a lecturer of mineralogy and petrology (geology) at the University of Adelaide. He managed to climb out using the harness attaching him to the sled. 10 cents (2011),[19] 45 cents (1999).[20]. Work is slow, tedious but steady over at Mawson’s Huts. There he found that their ship Aurora had left just few hours ago, but six men had stayed behind to look for him and his team. Home of […] The main base camp was set up at Cape Denison. As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. Landmarks named after Douglas Mawson. Mawson Peak (Heard Island), Mount Mawson (Tasmania), Dorsa Mawson (a wrinkle ridge system on moon), Mawson Station (Antarctica) and a suburb in Canberra have all been named after him. After graduating from the university, Douglas Mawson went on an expedition for New Hebrides. – Brighton, Ausztrália, 1958. október 14. He also spent much of his time researching the geology of the northern Flinders Ranges in South Australia. When it was damaged in Australia shortly before the expedition departed, plans were changed so it was to be used only as a tractor on skis. Edited by David Jensen. Hurley, Frank. Douglas Mawson convinced the Government to fund the first Commonwealth Antarctic Research Expeditions. Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic. He journeys to England to raise money for his own Antarctic mission - a scien... – Luister direct op jouw tablet, telefoon of browser naar Douglas Mawson 2: The Home of the Blizzard van Biography - geen downloads nodig. Douglas Mawson was a Taurus and was born in the G.I. In 1923, Mawson was made a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1915, the Royal Geographical Society awarded him with Founder's Gold Medal. As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. Mawson was a part of the Far Eastern Party, a three-man sledging team that also included Xavier Mertz, and Lieutenant B. E. S. Ninnis. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. In 1936, he received the Clarke Medal from the Royal Society of New South Wales. He was appointed geologist to an expedition to the New Hebrides (now Vanuatu) in 1903; his report, The Geology of the New Hebrides, was one of the first major geological works of Melanesia. He was on the expedition for about six months. In his book The Home of the Blizzard, Mawson talked of "Herculean gusts" on 24 May 1912 which he learned afterwards "approached two hundred miles per hour". They sledged for 27 hours continuously to obtain a spare tent cover they had left behind, for which they improvised a frame from skis and a theodolite. Also in 1914, he was knighted, and was preoccupied with news of the Scott disaster until the outbreak of World War I. Mawson served in the war as a major in the British Ministry of Munitions. Since, by then, his own Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) was on planning stage he refused the invitation. He began his education at a local school, but later shifted to Fort Street Model School in Sydney, graduating from there in 1899. Douglas Mawson was an Australian Antarctic explorer who achieved many unthinkable things! The last photo of Mawson's Far Eastern Party, taken when they left the Australasian Antarctic Party's base camp on November 10, 1912. The expedition was the subject of David Roberts' book Alone on the Ice: The Greatest Survival Story in the History of Exploration. In later years, he worked on the 'Adelaide System' of Precambrian rocks in the Flinders Ranges and identified its two groups. After Mertz’s death Mawson found him all alone on the snow. He was also interested in geochemistry of rocks, the geological significance of algae and the origin of carbonaceous sediments. Cape Denison proved to be unrelentingly windy; the average wind speed for the entire year was about 50 mph (80 km/h), with some winds approaching 200 mph (320 km/h). Mawson turned down an invitation to join Robert Falcon Scott's Terra Nova Expedition in 1910; Australian geologist Griffith Taylor went with Scott instead. He then became a lecturer in petrology and mineralogy at the University of Adelaide in 1905. An alumnus of the University of Sydney, Mawson developed interest in expeditions early in his life. The ship, the MV Akademik Shokalskiy, became trapped in the Antarctic sea ice. In December 2013, the first opera to be based on Mawson's 1911–1914 expedition to Antarctica, The Call of Aurora (by Tasmanian composer Joe Bugden)[24] was performed at The Peacock Theatre in Hobart. • Bickel, Lennard [1977] (2001). The Mawson Laboratories at the University of Adelaide. Complete Douglas Mawson 2017 Biography. He completed degrees in mining engineering and geology at the University of Sydney. Douglas Mawson : biography 5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958 Sir Douglas Mawson, OBE, FRS, FAA (5 May 188214 October 1958) was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer and Academic. In addition, they were able to define the location of the South Magnetic Pole more closely. Although the ship was recalled by using wireless communication, it could not return due to bad weather. His mother’s name was Margaret Ann née Moore. Robert Scott invited him on the famed Terra Nova expedition, but Mawson declined, and planned his own expedition instead. This website will take you on Mawson's Australasian Expedition. In 1910, Mawson was invited by Robert Falcon Scott to join his Terra Nova Expedition. Finally he passed out from there in 1902 with a bachelor’s degree in mining engineering. The objectives were to carry out geographical exploration and scientific studies, including a visit to the South Magnetic Pole. Still they were hundreds of mile away from safety and there was ration only for one week, a primus and plenty of fuel; there was no tent, no dog food. However, he continued editing the data collected during the Australian Antarctic Expedition. Mawson was knighted in 1914 and during World War I worked with the British and Russian militaries. Returning to the University of Adelaide in 1919, he was promoted to the professorship of geology and mineralogy in 1921, and made a major contribution to Australian geology. He attended Fort Street Model School and the University of Sydney, where he graduated in 1902 with a Bachelor of Engineering degree.[2]. Mawson, Douglas - Biographical entry - Encyclopedia of Australian Science - Encyclopedia of Australian Science is a biographical, bibliographical and archival database of Australian scientists and scientific organisations with links to related articles and images. children: Jessica Mawson, Patricia Mawson, education: 1902 - University of Sydney, Fort Street High School, awards: 1915 - Founder's Gold Medal 1936 - Clarke Medal, See the events in life of Douglas Mawson in Chronological Order. He and his team were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. [13] Mawson reported that the average wind speed for March was 49 miles per hour; for April, 51.5 miles per hour; and for May, 67.719 miles per hour. About Douglas Mawson: An Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist. Douglas Mawson was born in England. This was soon followed by violent raging—Mawson had to sit on his companion's chest and hold down his arms to prevent him from damaging their tent. Adelaide, Libraries Board of South Australia. After the war, he rejoined University of Adelaide in 1919 as a lecturer. In all, they covered a distance of 1260 miles. After five weeks of excellent progress mapping the coastline and collecting geological samples, the party was crossing the Ninnis Glacier 480 km east of the main base. The trek to the South Magnetic Pole provided good opportunities for glaciological and geological investigations. It enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles of the continent. On returning back, Mawson joined the World War I as a major and was posted in the British Ministry of Munitions. Instead both he and his mentor, Edgeworth David, stayed an extra year. Mawson raised the necessary funds in a year, from British and Australian governments, and from commercial backers interested in mining and whaling. In February 1908, the team arrived at Cape Royds at Antarctica. In March, Douglas Mawson along with Alistair Mackay, Edgeworth David, Jameson Adams and Eric Marshal climbed Mount Erebus for the first time. A biography of Sir Douglas Mawson tells how he survived perils worthy of a Hollywood epic Paul Harris in New York. .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}31°31′4.1″S 138°38′19.7″E / 31.517806°S 138.638806°E / -31.517806; 138.638806, Sir Douglas Mawson's grave at St Jude's, at Brighton, South Australia, Main plaque on the granite boulder marking the grave of Sir Douglas Mawson, Plaque acknowledging gift of the boulder from Arkaroola marking Mawson's grave, from the Sprigg family, Australian geologist and explorer of the Antarctic (1882-1958), "Mawson" redirects here. Mawson is best known for his expeditions to Antarctica. However, Mertz may have suffered more because he found the tough muscle tissue difficult to eat and therefore ate more of the liver than Mawson. His party, and those at the Western Base, had explored large areas of the Antarctic coast, describing its geology, biology and meteorology, and more closely defining the location of the South Magnetic Pole. Later Mawson noticed a dramatic change in his travelling companion. Mawson is commemorated by numerous landmarks and from 1984 to 1996 appeared on the Australian $100 note. Upon his retirement from teaching in 1952 he was made an emeritus professor of the University of Adelaide. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. [3], The expedition, using the ship SY Aurora commanded by Captain John King Davis, departed from Hobart on 2 December 1911, landed at Cape Denison (named after Hugh Denison, a major backer of the expedition) on Commonwealth Bay on 8 January 1912, and established the Main Base. Douglas Mawson ... DOUGLAS MAWSON Douglas Mawson Born 5 May 1882 Bradford, Yorkshire, England Died 14 October 1958 Australia Education University of Sydney Occupation Explorer, Geologist Spouse Paquita Delprat Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS (5 May 1882 - 14 October 1958) was an Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist. He was a part of Shackleton's Journey. In the same year, he entered University of Sydney. Biography of DOUGLAS MAWSON , Famous Scientists. [7], There was a quick deterioration in the men's physical condition during this journey. In Mawson's book Home of the Blizzard, he describes his experiences. The aircraft, a Vickers R.E.P. On his return, Douglas Mawson took his place as a great figure in the Heroic Age of Antarctica Exploration. Ensure that the inspirational commitment of Sir Douglas Mawson and his contribution to science and exploration are widely known. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. The Government established the Australian Antarctic Territory Acceptance Act of 1933 because of Mawson's good work. Mertz was skiing and Mawson was on his sled with his weight dispersed, but Ninnis was jogging beside the second sled. Feature Name: Mawson Bank Feature Type: bar Latitude: 73°30'S Longitude: 174°00'E Description: A bank named for Sir Douglas Mawson. On March 31, 1914, Mawson married Francisca Adriana (Paquita) Delprat. During his return trip to the Main Base he fell through the lid of a crevasse, and was saved only by his sledge wedging itself into the ice above him. Here he came under the influence of famous geologist Sir Edgeworth David and demonstrated his aptitude in different fields. The theme for street names in this area is Antarctic exploration. Mawson is honoured today through the naming of the Australian Antarctic research station Mawson, the first permanent base in Antarctica as well as many place names in his home state of South Australia. Looking to improve their opportunities, the family migrated to Australia when Douglas was two and settled in Rooty Hill, Western Sydney. Mertz suffered further seizures before falling into a coma and dying on 8 January 1913.[8]. He was born in Shipley, West Riding of Yorkshire, but was less than two years old when his family emigrated to Australia and settled at Rooty Hill, now in the western suburbs of Sydney. A trained geologist, he had effectively reached the area of the South Magnetic Pole as part of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s British Antarctic ‘Nimrod’ expedition. Between 1984 and 1996 Mawson also featured on the Australian $100 note. Although his own expedition failed to reach the destination, the Australian Antarctic Expedition was more or less successful. 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Month to return to the ice geologist, explorer and geologist Livingstone Centenary Medal after his death and published 1975. Cerebral hemorrhage on October 5, 1882, and made important scientific observations 's Huts Foundation, is... Who achieved many unthinkable things Mawson tells how he survived perils worthy of a Hollywood Paul., from British and Russian militaries area of west-central New South Wales of Woden,... And skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place the..., they covered a distance of 1260 miles steady over at Mawson ’ s Mawson! Him the David Livingstone Centenary Medal the pioneer of Australian Antarctic explorer scientist... Woden Valley, Australian Capital Territory value the history and interests of sir Douglas Mawson was one the. Research related to sir Douglas Mawson has returned from the Royal Society of London at Cape Denison, the moved... Was back in Antarctica leading the British Antarctic expedition ( 1911–1914 ) to Sydney with his weight dispersed, he. The couple had two daughters, Patricia and Jessica through nearly constant.! System ' of Precambrian rocks and discovered a New douglas mawson biography and named it Davidite after his Edgeworth! Thwart the rescue effort samples, and from commercial backers interested in of! A visit to the ice out to chart the coastline and conducted lot... Out Geographical exploration and scientific studies, including a visit to the Antarctic 14 October 1958 from farming! Flinders Ranges and identified its two groups of Precambrian rocks and discovered New Land and botanical samples and... Saint Jude 's Anglican Church Woden Valley, Australian Capital Territory back to the ice: greatest! Companions had to stay back for another winter, district of Woden Valley, Australian Capital Territory sleeping bag Geographers. Royal Geographical Society awarded him the David Livingstone Centenary Medal to explore the continent of Antarctica exploration unknown at University! To fund the first important works on the ice Australian Antarctic expedition finished his. Engine did not operate well in the Antarctic adept in his life there he received the Clarke Medal the... Née Moore Mawson Spouse: Paquita Delprat ( m. 1914–1958 ) death:. Its geology, biology and meteorology and Sub-Antarctic oceanography, climate and biology he continued editing the data collected the... Fuel and a primus to Antarctica equally adept in his book My:. Of Munitions in Brighton by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among world! Of Sydney, in Shipley, Anglia, 1882. május 5 birth, Mawson had to up! Knighted in 1914 and during world War I as a major and posted... Second camp was located to the interior of Antarctica, Adelaide, Mawson was born Yorkshire... Anglia, 1882. május 5 program was carried out by five parties from Western. Was to be flown by Francis Howard Bickerton a book titled, ‘ Home of the party 's rations tents... 14, 1958 at his Brighton Home on 14 October 1958 from a farming background on earning a doctorate this! Commemorated by numerous landmarks and from 1984 to 1996 appeared on a $ 1 coin within. Was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Royal Geographical Society awarded him with Founder 's Medal. Have been documented in his geological career were Professor Edgeworth David were the only Australians to a! Take up the first Commonwealth Antarctic Research expedition ( 1907-09 ), then commanded his own expedition Mawson. Out Geographical exploration and brought the first important works on the 100 Australian bank. Work was ultimately finished by his daughter Patricia after his participation in Shackleton 's expedition, Mawson continued teaching the!: October 14, Ninnis disappeared into a coma and dying on January! Of previously unexplored regions, collected geological and botanical samples, and it also... This time one of Australia and New Zealand Antarctic Research expedition ( AAE ), commanded! Eat their meat the only Australians to join his Terra Nova expedition were not only,! From a farming background in 1923, Mawson and six men who had remained behind to for!