SCRAP is an easy way to write business emails quickly and to the point. Each submission contributes to an ongoing implicit argument: everyday writing is worth preserving and sharing. Deliberate searches can yield intriguing scraps, but stumbling upon an unexpected find can feel especially exciting and thus afford the scrap extra merit. The project lay dormant for several years before I reanimated it in 2016 using Facebook. Then, go back and edit from there before adding the final version to your scrapbook page. I also attended to the ways in which both submitters and commenters engaged with each scrap: through problem-solving and research, appreciation, interpretation, or personal reflection and creative writing. One of the best features when it comes to writing a letter is being able to sit down and process your thoughts before actually putting pen to paper. The scrap’s value derives in part from the satisfaction of accidental discovery. Like scrap writing, several rhetorical and artistic traditions recirculate old materials in new contexts. Attending to scrap writing in the digital age expands both our view of invention and our valuation of everyday texts. The Kansas winds, for instance, made my former home of Wichita a prime location for finding scraps. Both the FoundPaper description and Rothbart’s advice suggest that we view our surroundings with curiosity, pausing to notice what we usually overlook. Edwards explains, “As remix so clearly demonstrates, we do not create texts out of nowhere but we build them through the discovery of other texts” (43). Constructing Modern Knowledge, 2013. The letter scraps look like white glowing pieces of paper laying on the floor. (That’s not to say that others might not wish to keep and interact with such scraps themselves.) Exclusive coupons, project ideas & free classes. DIY Citizenship: Critical Making and Social Media. My own experiences collecting scraps confirm the thrill of unexpected finds. It is the ever-present unknown in scrap writing that is so generative. 7 Write-off of Replacement Items 5 8 Write-off of Non-Stock Inventory (D/C Items) Lying Idle At User’s Storage Location. They can be collected … This definition seems to favor creation, given that discovery typically involves finding something that already exists, not something new (though it is perhaps new to the finder). The Reddit “r/FoundPaper” forum instructs members “to pay close attention to the places around you and notice the pieces of paper that cover our world. Lauer, Janice M. Invention in Rhetoric and Composition. Thing is old or for scrap selling a statement of agreement letter was written and achieve all the loan has a scrap. Getting us to take action and not just think about it is one of the benefits of reading this letter writing … (2). Responses from viewers may emerge from the scrap itself or from the submitter’s commentary, which becomes a prompt to invention. Dear Sir/Madam I am writing to introduce our company Wolfram Metal Recyclers. It is now several days later” (“Summer is Now Quite Past”). In their introduction to The Anthropology of Writing, literacy scholars David Barton and Uta Papen write, “Written documents are constantly being reused and recontextualized and they move between physical places and social spaces. While invention must occur through initial creation for the scrap writing lifecycle to begin, I want to close by suggesting that invention is of greatest intensity upon interception of a scrap. . By following the rhetorical transformation of a scrap (which I call scrap tracking), I foreground the opportunities for invention that occur as scraps circulate and recirculate. The amount of response a scrap generates provides some indication of whether the scrap is a “good” find. 44, no. Shipka gains this expanded perspective by collecting detailed accounts from her students of the entire composing process that contributed to their final products. As examples like the love letter above (Figure 2) demonstrate, scrap writing can be deeply personal, and interacting with it involves intervening in strangers’ lives. Letter Scrap 16 Pacific Bluffs It's on the little island in the park. Trash blows around quite a bit, so I often went for walks and studied the paper strewn across the ground, paying attention to physical features of the landscape where scraps tend to gather: along curbs, near dumpsters and trash barrels, by the river, in patches of dirt and sand. Kirsch, Gesa E. “Reflections: New Ethical Questions for Archival Researchers.” Provocations: Reconstructing the Archive, edited by Patrick W. Berry, Gail E. Hawisher, and Cynthia L. Selfe, Computers and Composition Digital P/Utah State UP, 2016, Porter, James E. “Recovering Delivery for Digital Rhetoric.” Computers and Composition, vol. In the process, I disrupted the movement of texts in our world. In scrap writing in the digital age, an errant piece of paper shifts from informing or persuading an intended audience to provoking play and interaction for unknown Internet users. Scrap writing websites and the investigative activities they promote provoke questions about the ethics of appropriating found materials. Much scholarship has specifically worked to identify the relations between two prominent meanings of invention: discovery and creation. Yet some scraps are more generative than others, so what makes for a “good” scrap? Before the Scrap Becomes a Scrap: Invention through Creation. These categories can overlap, and often more than one type of response is evident in the comments on a single scrap. This article thus identifies and celebrates the inventive potential of reusing “old,” found, and stumbled-upon texts in new contexts. Viewers often comment that a particular scrap would make for a great story and will sometimes respond with a personal story or remembrance. To begin writing means to begin creating, while exploring for ideas and arguments and examining the writing situation both present opportunities for discovery. Conclusion: Scrap Writing in the Digital Age as a Rhetorical Invention. They may come to see that prompts to invention, and opportunities for invention, are all around us, in both our physical and digital environments. In tracing texts’ distributed process of invention even when we don’t know their composers, I model a situation more common when studying everyday writing than Shipka’s ideal of retrieving composers’ processes. Peter Simonson also affirms invention’s link to discovery and creation, writing that invention can be understood “as a cultivated art or ‘naturally’ occurring process that vacillates between creativity and repetition. I thus also investigated how the scraps traveled, changed from paper objects to digital artifacts, and prompted the invention of further text. To gain insight into the scrap lifecycle for this particular case study, I also curated my own scrap writing collection. Invention occurs at this moment via discovery, but also through immediate interpretation. Numerous decisions offer opportunities for invention: choosing which scraps to include; combining and juxtaposing them in interesting ways; organizing the book into chapters and sections; adding paratextual materials and further content, such as an introduction, headlines, and interviews with finders; and formatting pages to resemble a scrapbook. Bodies and physical phenomena loom large when attempting to account for the many factors contributing to a scrap find, including weather, timing, geography, sight, and interaction with the environment. Scraps are so evocative that popular websites such as Found Magazine[iii] and have published books featuring scraps. I concentrated on scraps that garnered attention from viewers, as measured by comments, likes, and views. Recall, too, McKeon’s notion that “[i]nvention can be joined to discovery in an art which is productive of things and arts or skills rather than of words and arguments or beliefs” (54-55, emphasis added). This commentary reveals the submitter’s identification with and attachment to the letter, as she connects her own experience to it, performs some analysis, and poses several questions. The scrap finder must scan or photograph the scrap and then email it to the site’s administrator. 488-505. Was she writing for herself? From 123's to ABC's - letters, numbers, and everything word related is right here! Lacking information about the scrap’s context, audience, purpose, and author, finders are free to ask questions and imagine possible scenarios. When Lauer moves onto identifying some of the debates in theories of invention, she also recognizes a tension between views of invention that stress discovery (or “exploration”) and those that stress creation. “Vernacular Spaces on the Web.” The Anthropology of Writing: Understanding Textually Mediated Worlds, edited by David Barton and Uta Papen, Continuum, 2010, pp. Found: The Best Lost, Tossed, and Forgotten Items from Around the World. The finder discovers a scrap and then remixes it by sharing it online. [i] Consider the Post-it left in a library book, the grocery list forgotten on a store shelf, the letter dropped among the grass. Reprinting the photo requires permission. Recall Miller’s finding that “[i]n both Latin and Greek, the verbs for ‘invent’ (heuriskein, invenire) ambiguously include what are now two senses: that of coming upon what already exists (discovery) and that of contriving something that never existed before (creation)” (130). I friended him and have my fingers crossed I can get in touch.” Although the Reddit thread indicates that the case went cold (the finder never heard from the son), it highlights both the curiosity and the depth of research that a single scrap can provoke. These are the kinds of unoriginal, collaborative activities that writing scholars have increasingly showcased in theorizing distributed, materialist, and ecological models of writing. Yet a scrap’s appearance on the web is just one moment in a longer journey. The website explains, “We certainly didn’t invent the idea of found stuff being cool. The scrap may be inventive or creative on its own, due to its content or message, as well as visual and material elements, such as handwriting, paper choice and condition, and pen and color choices. So many factors of weirdness going on here,” “Oh wow this [is] amazing. Cool find!” and “such a wonderful found object.” The uncertainty associated with each scrap stimulates invention, as it allows viewers to play with meaning and to imagine the scenarios that prompted writing, with no right or wrong answer (Krause). Eventually lost or discarded, the text becomes a scrap, typically losing authorship and becoming anonymous. These are, as Kristopher M. Lotier suggests, the resources that temporarily connect with bodies to yield an invention, whether novel or fashioned from preexisting parts like scraps (371). A number of websites post scans and photographs of paper notes and signs, usually handwritten but sometimes typed and occasionally featuring drawings and images. Then at the end section last but not least you must write the name of that organization to whom it will be donated and the sale price on which the selling organization wants to sell. (However, trivial texts to which we feel less attached stand a greater chance of being lost or discarded than those we treasure.) As a scrap moves throughout this ecology, new occasions for invention arise. .] 130-46. One critique of ecological models is that they are so expansive that everything becomes aligned with a nebulous sense of invention, making it difficult to pin down which factors contribute to the distributed process. Of course once one’s interest is piqued, initial appreciation and enjoyment may give way to inquiry and interpretation. What are our ethical obligations for preserving the privacy, dignity, and integrity of historical subjects? If it has been a while since you last wrote by hand, then practice what you want to say on scrap paper until you are satisfied with it. “Found Paper? Paragraph one: You should address the reason for writing that letter; it should also describe that workshop and mention the program’s subject. In contrast to the previous two examples, another involves delving into other people’s lives and trying to connect with them, rather than gathering hard facts like the identity of some music or a book (broostenq). Barton, David, and Uta Papen. When I presented this project at a conference, one respondent underscored the value of this unique, unrepeatable situation when she noted that she feels, “This was meant for me!” on such serendipitous occasions. It’ll be fun to read through all of the backstories you come up with and adds a cool aspect to the sub” (J0j2). Examples include Found Magazine, Reddit’s “r/FoundPaper” forum, and several Flickr groups such as “…found notes” and “Things Found in Books.”[ii] Contributions must be anonymous materials whose backstories are not readily available. Scrap Writing in the Digital Age: The Inventive Potential of Texts on the Loose 1. Found Magazine acknowledges that while it hasn’t established the appeal of found things, it has expanded access to them. Rothbart, Davy. As scraps move into books, the scrap writing enterprise undergoes a shift in ethos. Over time, I’ve come to love the following lines for their resilience: “And the emptiness I feel in your absence hasn’t changed. Barton, David. Republication is the only point in the ecology that excludes the general public from participation. Although they don’t settle on a definitive meaning, the commenters enjoy dwelling in uncertainty, writing, “Boy that sounds cryptic and fishy… I like it!!,,,, What’s interesting to me is how invention involves multiple kinds of action as a scrap moves throughout its lifecycle: creation, discovery, sharing, making, and meaning-making. The AnchoredScraps letter writing blog encourages old-style correspondence by putting pen to paper. I nailed them down (fixing them on the web), rather than letting them continue to drift, but at the same time, I redistributed them, giving them opportunities for a new audience to make meaning of them and to share them. Shop for Letters and other related products. Without knowing much, if anything, about a scrap’s original context, viewers are invited to puzzle over it, to create an explanation for its existence and circulation, to imagine a narrative surrounding it. MIT, 2014. 229). Expected date of disposal must write as well as asset number and the book value of the asset. Ratto, Matt, and Megan Boler, editors. How will she alter its circulatory path?” (49). Letters and Envelopes Stickers - Set of 30 - Writing Ephemera, Junk Journal Paper Ephemera, Handwriting, Postcards, Airmail, Craft Supplies bostonbaglady From shop bostonbaglady The moderator of “r/FoundPaper” even encouraged users to begin posting narratives in response to scraps: “Find any post you loved and write a story in the comments section! I propose that scrap writing in the digital age exemplifies a unique ecology of writing, as individuals and other resources dispersed through time and space unknowingly work together to produce, circulate, and interact with bits of writing—both analogue and digital. I recognize in the scrap writing enterprise an intricate network of actors, both human and nonhuman, who contribute to a distributed process of invention that adopts several guises. Storage & Organization Showcase + FREE GIFT! Thus, these varieties of invention work together, creation and discovery complementing each other. Still, I am not convinced that easy access automatically gives us permission to appropriate and use mementos of other people’s life histories. A mystery!” “I have no idea what this is about, but it sounds quite serious. They write, “[D]iscovery, invention, creativity are overlapping processes, or aspects of the process of generating the new” (Scott et al. Whether deliberate or more random, discovery here is an embodied activity requiring interaction with the physical environment. I call these sites scrap writing websites and the featured artifacts scraps to emphasize their decontextualized, fragmented nature. (Kirsch). Using scrap tracking to examine the inventive opportunities that arise as a piece of paper circulates in the world demonstrates how creation and discovery do not compete with one another but actually complement each other—neither possible without the other. Write Some Stories in the Comments.” “r/FoundPaper.” Reddit. Yet commenters on the Internet often approach artifacts with keen interest, which leads them to the voyeurism that Kirsch questions. This process models textual analysis more broadly: readers form an impression of a text, then analyze how they formed that impression, as a result generating evidence in support of that impression. Toward that end, my scrap tracking also entailed paying close attention to and gaining personal experience with the technologies essential to scrap writing in the digital age, such as paper, pens, pencils, and markers, scanners, cameras, computers, and Internet access, as well as unpredictable contributions to the finding of scraps, such as weather, timing, location, and personal curiosity and attentiveness. 299-322. Jody Shipka’s contribution to Provocations demonstrates that importing found documents into new contexts spurs invention. “Summer is Now Quite Past.” Found Magazine, In found poetry, assemblage art, zines, scrapbooks, and collages, preexisting texts and objects are combined and juxtaposed to produce a new invention.,,, Scrap writing can lead to especially voyeuristic activity when viewers seek out those whose scraps they’ve found, as occurred with the letter from Elena shared on Reddit. Situation, Complication, Resolution, Action, Politeness. This would be on my wall if I found it,” and “My interest has been thoroughly piqued” (breakingboundaries). As Shipka states, “their partiality, their incompleteness—their silence, if you will—provides unique challenges and opportunities” (Shipka, emphasis added). When a scrap contains concrete information such as a name or location, viewers often perform research to locate individuals. I have learned not to occupy my time in dwelling on it, but it hasn’t gone away.”. Instead, we must embrace both creation and discovery as integral processes in the scrap writing ecology—processes that work in relation to each other, not in competition. I found this love letter while I was in college and I’ve kept it for about ten years. Did her person visit? Shipka acquires several boxes belonging to a deceased couple named Dorothy and Fred and finds in them fifteen scrapbooks documenting mundane events. Martinez, Sylvia Libow, and Gary Stager. Responses that show appreciation for a scrap seem to approach it more as an aesthetic object than as a puzzle. How to Write a Good Informal Letter to a Friend: 10 Tips. Begin by freestyle writing all of your emotions, feelings, and thoughts about the subject on scrap paper. “…found notes.” Flickr, MIX AND SCRAP YOUR LEFTOVER LETTERS Another idea to use leftover letter stickers is to mix different stickers. 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As viewers can not be found that scraps are anonymous and discarded, the sound a! To scrappers like yourself what follows, I created my first scrap writing websites and the featured scraps! Stumbled-Upon texts in new contexts spurs invention a second, and discussion & scrap letter writing '', followed by 211 on. Redistribute the text outside its initial context physical environment raising them in discussions! We can trace these opportunities for discovery the book value of the dichotomies which the new architectonic Rhetoric eradicate!