κωφους ακουοντας και λαλουντας – N Σ ℓ 48, ℓ 49 καλουσιν – D, Matthew 10:28 omit –א, Matthew 7:28 τι φαγητε τι πιητε – copsa ωσαυτως και – Β, Matthew 27:45 λεγεις – א 700 0233 Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 77. εμπεση – Β, Matthew 12:17 Wieland Willker (2008). τον λογον – Β D 892 τουτο κοινοι τον ανον – א cop ελαλεσεν αυτοις λεγων – א L M U X Θ f13 28 For example, in John 1:4 Sinaiticus and Codex Bezae are the only Greek manuscripts with textual variant ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἐστίν (in him is life) instead of ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ᾓν (in him was life). 830 is an unchanged, high-quality reprint of the original edition of 1892.Hans Elektronisches Buch is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. νηστευων τοις ανθροποις – Β επιθυημσαι – א 236 John Miller on Social media makes a typical comment: “You think the TR is corrupt? μενον της θαλασσης ην βασανιζομενον –א, Matthew 14:26 ακουσατε … βλεψετε – Β ιδου απολυσον – eth εγω ελθων – Β, Matthew 8:8a αμην αμην (amen, amen) – א 13 ει συ ει κυριε – א 892 αφεθησεται τοις ανθρωποις –א, Matthew 12:32a οπως – Ε, Matthew 12:22a The difference between Codex Vatican and Sinaiticus is so insignificant to be inconsequential unlike the Byzantine text, which had copyists adding and removing phrases, sentences, entire verses and even an entire section of verses, as well as conflating the text by combining two or more readings for harmonization purposes. Herein, we will use the capital B. Codex Sinaiticus dates to about 330 to 360 C.E. A final example of insignificance, πασαν την Συριαν (whole of the Syria) א ολην την Συριαν (all the Syria) Β. θαδδαιος – א The oldest extant copy of a complete Bible is an early 4th-century parchment book preserved in the Vatican Library, and it is known as the Codex Vaticanus. Otherwise substitution of Ι for initial ΕΙ is unknown, and final ΕΙ is only replaced in word ΙΣΧΥΕΙ, confusing of Ε and ΑΙ is very rare. This article is from Wikipedia but has been updated and will be updated even more so by Edward D. Andrews for Christian Publishing House. [34] Philip B. Payne and Paul Canart, The Originality of Text-Critical Symbols in Codex Vaticanus, Novum Testamentum 42 (2000), pp. δια Ησαιου του προφητου – א 1 καγω (and I) – Vaticanus, John 1:34 This portion has a large number of corrections. εις την πατριδα αυτου – rest of mss, Matthew 13:55 φαινεται κατ οναρ (appeared in a dream) –א, Matthew 3:6 Πετρος και οι μετ’ αυτου – K X Δ Ψ 28 565 1000 1216 1242 1344 1365 1646 2148 2174 Byz, Luke 9:23 ωσαυτως – א και σεσαρωμενον – א C τω Ιωαννη – א 243 τι φαγητε – א f1 892 a b ff1 k l vg syrc copsa Textkritik des Neuen Testaments (in German). η της πολεως – Β, Matthew 10:14c απ αρχης – syrcur, sin, Matthew 13:36a ειδεν εκει ανθρωπον – Β, Matthew 23:3 From this colophon, the correction is concluded to have been made in Caesarea Maritima in the 6th or 7th centuries. When Was It Written? Jahrhundert in Unzialen (Majuskelschrift) geschrieben. Θαδδαιος – E N W Σ Φ ει τω οικοδεσποτην βεελζεβουλ … τοις οικιακους –א, Matthew 10:25b και τοτε κοψομται – Β, Matthew 24:31 εκατονταρχος – Β cop, Matthew 8:6 οδηγοι τυφλοι – 253 πολλους – 106, Matthew 8:22 22-44. εκβληθησονται – Β, Matthew 8:13 The alternative term itacism refers to the new pronunciation of the name of the letter eta as [ˈita] after the change. Sie wurde im 4. ελαλησεν – Β και οστις αρνησηται – W syrcur, Matthew 10:33b Ισραηλ – Β D κλασματων δωδεκα κοφινους πληρεις – A D Θ Byz (syrh) και ελθον ευρισκει – Β δυο μαρτυρων η τριων – B εν καιρω – B D אb N W Σ, Matthew 13:30d εν παραβολαις αυτοις – Β, Matthew 22:11 Der Codex Vaticanus befand sich zwar bereits seit 1475 im vatikanischen Archiv, wurde jedoch erst 1857 veröffentlicht. A quick response would be that they are very much mistaken and doing exactly what Agnostic NT Textual scholar Bart D. Ehrman does, misrepresenting the information. Scribes and Correctors of the Codex Sinaiticus, London: British Museum, p. 33. Πετρος και οι συν αυτω – א A C D L P W Θ Ξ f1 f13 33 892 1009 1071 1195 1230 1241 1253 Lect κατ οναρ εφανη – Β 372 copsa James Rendel Harris, Stichometry (London 1893), p. 73, [24] Frederic G. Kenyon, Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (London 1939). εως (till) – Β αρνησασθω – א A Β2 D K L Θ Ξ f13 33 λαβων – Β C2 E F G Introduction to the Study of the Gospels, p. 40. προσενεγκον – B C Some have conjectured that it was written around the time of Constantine when the Emperor “ordered 50 copies of the Scriptures.” This being the case, some of the ways that the text is framed without “ornamentation” can p… τους μαθητας – א C D τα αγαθα – א C L U Δ Ν Σ Φ, Matthew 12:37 οστις δε αρνησηται – Β L Μαριαμ – א C D W Z Θ f13 Byz, Matthew 1:25 κατασκηνοιν – Β* D Patristic Quotations of the New Testament, Part 2 The Flood to the Deliverance From Egypt, Part 3-Deliverance From Egypt to Israel’s First King, Part 4 Israel’s First King to Captivity in Babylon, Part 5-Captivity in Babylon to the Completion of the Book of Malachi, Part 6-From Malachi to the Birth of Jesus, Part 8-Jesus’ Resurrection to death of the Apostle John. ου νοειτε – Β D Ζ Θ 33 238 f13 ηκολουθησεν – B, Matthew 9:10a πολυν οχλον – 12 243 copsa syrcur, sin The oldest copy of the Tanakh in Hebrew and Aramaic dates from the 10th century CE. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Codex Vaticanus | Oldest Complete Bible. Scribe A wrote most of the historical and poetical books of the Old Testament, almost the whole of the New Testament, and the Epistle of Barnabas 2. ο οφθαλμος –א, Matthew 6:23 υπαγε – Β, Matthew 9:9a εν τοις ουρανοις – Β V X The word codex refers to these manuscripts being handwritten in codex or book form rather than on a scroll. επειδη – Ν Σ [13] Readings that they introduced are designated by the siglum אa. τους μαθητας αυτου – Β Ε F Κ P X Π Σ, Matthew 14:22c εν τοις ουρανοις – Β C Κ V Σ Φ Μαριαν – B L f1 1241 Miller’s comparison is like me saying a person who steals a radio from Walmart is the same as the man who murders 20 people and trying to say they are both criminals. ει συ ει – syrsin τον νομον – א C f13 ωφεληθης ουδεν εστιν – א τι φαγητε και τι πιητε – L Θ 0233 Byz, Matthew 6:32a και οταν δε – א syrcur eth τους αγγελους – א F ουδε κλεπτουσιν – Β syrp, Matthew 6:22a κρατησας –א, Matthew 14:4a κυριε – B [12], A paleographical study at the British Museum in 1938 found that the text had undergone several corrections. κραζοντες – B, Matthew 9:28a κλασματα δωδεκα κοφινων πληρωματα – 45 Β (L Δ) 892 ελθοντες – א 243 ℓ 50 Nevertheless, there are many differences between these two manuscripts. εις την χωραν αυτων (into their country) – Β αποστελλει παλιν αυτον – B εως αν παντα –א, Matthew 5:19 ο δε εχθρος ο σπειρας αυτα εστιν ο διαβολος – א ανεωχθησαν –א, Matthew 9:30b εν ουρανοις – א, Matthew 10:33a εσται – Β Σ 61 68 245 700 In the 19th century, Bible scholars studying the Codex Vaticanus realized the texts differed significantly from the Latin Vulgate ('Textus Receptus'). υπ αυτου (by him) – א και θαδδαιος – Β 17 124 892 cop βατος γης – א, Matthew 13:6 Curt Niccum, The voice of the MSS on the Silence of the Women: …, NTS 43 (1997), pp. ητοιμασται υπο του πατρος μου – א*, b, f1 1071 1241 ita, r1 Hier ein Beispiel: Gemäß der Lutherbibel sagte der Apostel Petrus voraus: „Die Erde und die Werke, die darauf sind, werden verbrennen“ (2. βαθος της γης – Β μαρτυρων δυο η τριων – L l ωσει οφεις – L 157, Matthew 10:21 ουχι – B The Codex is named after the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. την δε εν τω σω οφθαλμω δοκον – Β 050, Matthew 7:4a οι δε – Β 157 παντα δε – copbo, Matthew 7:13a ακουσητε … βλεψετε – Σ οι τυφλοι – B, Matthew 9:28c Taschenbuch. καρπους ποιει καλους – Β cop Der Codex enthält große Teile des Alten und ein vollständiges Neues Testament in altgriechischer Sprache.Er gehört zu den bedeutendsten bekannten Handschriften des griechischen Alten Testaments und des Neuen Testaments und ist die älteste vollständig erhaltene Abschrift des Neuen Testaments. Codex Sinaiticus was discovered by a man named Count Tischendorf in 1859 during a visit to Mount Sinai. τινες των γραμματαιων – Β 59 εν μεσω – א D, Matthew 10:16b λεγοντες – copsa σημεια μεγαλα και τερατα – Β, Matthew 24:30 However, many of the documents within the Codex Vaticanus appear to have other dates ranging from AD 800-1400s, which has stirred some controversy over the veracity and historicity of the documents. οmit – א* copbo syrcur, Matthew 6:2 [17] The pervasive iotacism, especially of the ει diphthong, remains uncorrected. ως οι οφεις – B εαν μονον αψομαι – Β, Matthew 9:24 Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. ελθιν ηλθεν ουν προς τον ΙΝ – א* See: Codex Vaticanus Graece. Post Angeli Maii Aloirumque Imperfectos Labores ex ipso Codice (Lipsiae 1867), pp. και υποστρεψας ο εκατονταρχος εις τον οικον αυτου εν αυτη τη ωρα ευρεν τον παιδα υγιαινοντα – א C E M N U X Σ Φ 346, 360. gr. ουαι τω ανθφωπω – א τω ανεμω και τη θαλασση – א f1 f13 22 δε ο αποκριθεις –א, Matthew 18:7 In The Vaticanus Bible, each original page has been split into three so that only one column appears per page. ο δε Ιησους – Β, Matthew 14:17 τι – B2 אb N W Σ Φ According to Dean Burgon: "It is in fact easier to find two consecutive verses in which … αιτουντι σε – B, Matthew 5:45 Were Almost All Greek New Testament Manuscript Textual Variants [Errors] Created Before 200 A.D.? διδασκων αυτοις – א εν τω λαω – א αυτον αποστελλει – A K X (αποστελει W f1 700 copbo) f13 Byz Ιωαννης – א* D E F G M S U V X Φ και λεββαιος ο επικλ. τις αξιος εστι εν αυτη – syrp, Matthew 10:12 οι μαθηται αυτου – Β Herman C. Hoskier (1864–1938) – Christian Publishing House Blog, The Byzantine Kr/family 35 Text-Form (1261-1453 C.E.) ιδου αρχων εις ελθων – Κ S V Δ Π, Matthew 9:19 The Critical Text is the corrupt one!” Paul Anderson similarly, “with B and Aleph varying over 1,000+ differences in John alone (3,000+ in the 4 Gospels).”. ποιησατε – א δυναμαι υμιν τουτο ποιησαι –א, Matthew 9:30a εαν αψομαι μονον – D σου σιαγονα – E, Matthew 5:41 The King James Version Onlyist argue that there are many differences between these two manuscripts. ο πατηρ υμων ο ουρανιος – B 050, Matthew 6:33 (1860). και τα κυναρια – B The term “iotacism” refers to the letter iota, the original sign for, with which these vowels came to merge. πρεπον εστιν ημας (it fitting us) – א cop it syr την εντολην – Ε F G N W Σ Φ, Matthew 15:11a τοτε κρατησας – Β οι μαθηται – א L Z W, Matthew 17:17 μαθετε – א Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. εισηλθεν – א η φημη αυτης – א C N 86 99 238 348 εκει εσται η καρδια – B copbo [27] There are no enlarged initials, no divisions into chapters or sections such as are found in later manuscripts, but a different system of division peculiar to this manuscript. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. 1209; no. Who Wrote the Bible Book ________? εβαλον – Β, Matthew 13:50 της ζυμης των Φαρισαιων – 33 απαρνησασθω – 75 Β* C R W Ψ f1 Byz, John 1:25 [18] Gregory, C. R. (1900). τοις ωσιν αυτων – א C Φ The date of these markings are disputed among scholars and are discussed in a link below. επαναστησεται τεκνα – Β Δ 75 235 700 φερουσιν – א2 B L Δ Ψ 892 B oder 03 nach Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) ist eine Pergamenthandschrift mit dem fast vollständigen Text des Alten und Neuen Testaments in griechischer Sprache. οχλους πολλους – 108 εγειρε και – D ζητουντες αυτω λαλησαι – Sinaiticusa Β C Z Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. Constantin von Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Vaticanum. αφεθησεται –א, Matthew 12:32b [7] His errors are the substitution of ΕΙ for Ι, and Ι for ΕΙ in medial positions, both equally common. The second major manuscript of the Minority Text is known as Codex Vaticanus, often referred to as 'B'. υπερ τον διδασκαλον αυτου – א F M W εγω μεν γαρ (I indeed) – א 892 ειπεν αυτω – א [29], The manuscript contains unusual small horizontally aligned double dots (so called “distigmai,” formerly called “umlauts”) in the margin of the columns and are scattered throughout the New Testament. υπο του πατρος – א 71 Prayer of Manasseh 3. εαν δε ο οφθαλμος σου η πονηρος – syr, Matthew 6:25a ελαλησεν – א Δ 61 παντα ουν – B In a… Vat., Vat. την ψυχην και το σωμα – E אc W Φ, Matthew 10:3 Neuware - The Codex Palatino-Vaticanus - No. το πληρομα –א, Matthew 9:17 This variant is supported by Vetus Latina and some Sahidic manuscripts. ιδου αρχων προσελθων – א 13 157 παντα οσα – א If this is so, material beginning with 1 Samuel to the end of Esther is Origen’s copy of the Hexapla. p. 109. αμην – Β, Matthew 6:18a Vaticanus originally contained a complete copy of the Septuagint("LXX") except for: 1. ειπον αυτω – Ε N, Matthew 13:30a επει – Β ενετειλατο λεγων – א*, b C K L W X Δ Π 0106 33 565 1010 1071 1230 1241 1253 1344 1365 2174 Byz, Matthew 15:5 omit –א, Matthew 12:49 Der Codex Vaticanus wirft auch Licht auf Verse, in denen es um Gottes Vorhaben mit der Erde geht. ει δε μηγε –א, Matthew 9:18 λαμπαδας αυτων – Β, Matthew 25:17 Vat., Vat. 1. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. διηκονουν αυτοις (provided for them) – Β Codex Sinaiticus, the earliest known manuscript of the Christian Bible, compiled in the 4th century ce. κυριε ει συ ει – Β, Matthew 14:29 τα θελεματα – א ως ο οφις – א Let’s not even mention the end of revelation. παντα γαρ ταυτα – B οι δε μαθηται ιδοντες αυτον – א1 Β D f13 pc [31] Constantin von Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Vaticanum, Leipzig 1867, p. XXI. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. και εγενετο αυτου ανακειμενου – B, Matthew 9:10b καρπους καλους ποιει –א, Matthew 7:21 φιλος τελωνων – א “Dittographies and other corrections”. της ζυμης – D Θ f13 565 a b ff2 syrs, Matthew 17:10 [14] Milne and Skeat have observed that the superscription to 1 Maccabees was made by scribe D, while the text was written by scribe A. The oldest copy of the Tanakh in Hebrew and Aramaic dates from the 10th century CE. αγουσιν – א* C W Θ f1 f13 28 κανανιτης – א, Matthew 10:11 Example of differences between Sinaiticus and Vaticanus in Matthew 1:18–19: 19 ιωσηφ δε ο ανηρ αυτης δικαιος ων και μη θελων αυτην παραδειγματισαι εβουληθη λαθρα απολυσαι αυτην, 19 ιωσηφ δε ο ανηρ αυτης δικαιος ων και μη θελων αυτην δειγματισαι εβουληθη λαθρα απολυσαι αυτην. Vergilius Vaticanus wird ein um 400 n. Chr. [36] Codex Vaticanus Graece 1209, B/03, Wieland Willker. It is in closer agreement with Codex Bezae in support of the Western text-type. η πυλη – B אb ειπον – C, Matthew 15:14 They are nothing and much was corrected by the more competent scribe and the corrector. αυτω ειπεν – Β [28] Frederic G. Kenyon, “Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts” (4th ed. ογδοηκοντα – Β majority of mss, Luke 8:3 The distigme of two codices indicate a variant of the Western manuscripts, which placed 1 Cor 14:34–35 after 1 Cor 14:40( manuscripts: Claronmontanus, Augiensis, Boernerianus, 88, itd, g, and some manuscripts of Vulgate). την βασιλειαν του θεου και την δικαιοσυνην αυτου – E W Σ Φ 050, Matthew 7:3 ιδοντες δε αυτον – א* Θ 700 pc copsa εις την δεξιαν σιαγονα – א W Σ 157 892 ο υιος (the son) – Vaticanus. αιτουντι σοι – א* y εις Βηθφαγη και εις Βηθανιαν – א C Θ, Mark 11:3 αγαθα – Β W ειπαν – א Taschenbuch. ο θεος ο πατηρ υμων – א αι εν σοι γενομεναι – B [28] There are plenty of the itacistic faults, especially the exchange of ει for ι and αι for ε. και θλθεν προς τον ΙΝ – Β C 700 Did you Know? εως – Β D The following represent scribal corrections: The list of textual variants that follows below is incomplete. [26] Accents and breathing marks, as well as punctuation, have been added by a later hand. 830 is an unchanged, high-quality reprint of the original edition of 1892.Hans Elektronisches Buch is editor of the literature on different topic areas such as research and science, travel and expeditions, cooking and nutrition, medicine, and other genres. Der Codex Sinaiticus ist ein Bibel-Manuskript aus dem 4. ιδου – א D 892 εκειθεν – Β [19] Tischendorf’s view was accepted by Frederic G. Kenyon, but contested by T. C. Skeat, who examined the codex more thoroughly. η ολον – א και ελαβεν – א C L X, Matthew 14:22a ινα – א Β C D 1 33 Arguably, one could say that Codex Vaticanus… και ελθων ευρισκει – F G X Γ Σ Φ, Matthew 12:44b omit – Sinaiticus 1 700 892, Matthew 16:9 αγγαρευει – D ουκ αφεθησεται – אcorr, Matthew 12:35 [dubious – discuss][neutrality is disputed] These texts are very similar by agreement, but often they have no extant manuscript support across a small part of scripture (within a single verse or more often than not in the case of only a few consecutive verses). [24] Skeat agreed that the writing style is very similar to that of Sinaiticus, but there is not enough evidence to accept identity of scribes; “the identity of the scribal tradition stands beyond dispute”. ανεκτοτερον εσται γη σοδομων – א XXI-XXIII. και κηρυσσων – Β, Matthew 9:35b There are a number of differences between Sinaiticus and Vaticanus; Hoskier enumerated 3036 differences: [2], A large number of these differences are due to iotacisms and variants in transcribing Hebrew names. ουδε κλεπτουσιν – Β, Matthew 6:21 η της κωμης – syrp εγειρε – Β 372 [1] Der Codex Vaticanus gilt zusammen mit dem Codex Sinaiticus als die bedeutendste griechische Handschrift der Bibel. According to Dean Burgon: “It is, in fact, easier to find two consecutive verses in which these two MSS differ the one from the other than two consecutive verses in which they entirely agree.”[1] See Matthew 1:18-19 below as a perfect example. αυτοις λαλεις – א εισιν ευνοχοι – א As a publisher we focus on the preservation of historical literature. παραθαλασσαν (by the sea) – א W ), Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 46. τα παραπτωματα αυτων – B υπερ του διδασκαλον – Β, Matthew 10:25a την χειρα – B, Matthew 8:4b της ζυμης των αρτων – א2 Β L 892 1009 1241 [22] According to Tischendorf, one of the scribes is identical to (and may have been) one of the scribes of the Codex Sinaiticus (scribe D),[23] but there is insufficient evidence for his assertion. απεκαλεσαν – U ωρυξεν εν αυτω – Β, Matthew 22:1 Retrieved 2019-11-11. University of Bremen. τα ζιζανια – א L X Σ Φ B oder 03 nach Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) ist eine Pergamenthandschrift mit dem fast vollständigen Text des Alten und Neuen Testaments in griechischer Sprache.Sie wurde im 4. ελαλει – Β D אc Σ Φ omit – א a b c h k, Matthew 7:14 p. 19. καθηγητης – Sinaiticus*, 2, Bezae, Regius, Koridethi, 1010, 1241, 1424, Byz, ℓ 292* και ιδοντες αυτον οι μαθηται – C L W 0106 Byz syrh copbo pt, Matthew 14:28a ειρηνην ηλθον βαλειν – h k vg Andere Übersetzungen lauten ähnlich, weil sie sich auf den Codex Alexandrinus aus dem 5. και εκ των λογων σου – Β Codex Vaticanus dates to about 300 to 325 C.E. omit – א L 10 71 copbo, Matthew 9:9b το θελεμα – Β, Matthew 7:22 These two manuscripts were not written in the same scriptorium. 242–255. Most critical editions of the Greek New Testament give precedence to these two chief uncial manuscripts, and the majority of translations are based on their text. [15] Milne, H. J. M. and T. C. Skeat, (1938). ιδου αρχων εισελθων – אc C D E M X N W Σ Φ Ιησους – א copbo omit – B, Matthew 10:3 ερεις – Β, Matthew 7:4b 1209; no. Vaticanus may have been one of the 50 Bibles commissioned by Emperor Constantine in 331 AD. Andere Übersetzungen lauten ähnlich, weil sie sich auf den Codex Alexandrinus aus dem 5. gr. Again, before we begin our list of example, Codex Sinaiticus is designated by the symbol א, and Codex Vaticanus by alpha character B. ηκολουθησαν – Ε Μ, Matthew 9:21 ελυπηθη ο βασιλευς δια δε τους ορκους –א, Matthew 14:15a ουαι τω ανθφωπω εκεινω – Β, Matthew 18:14 μεχρι – C אb N Σ, Matthew 13:30b πωλει οσα εχει – Β 28 61 435 παραβολαις αυτοις – א ο πετρος αυτω ειπεν – 33 κοινοι τον ανον – Β This article deals with three different aspects of material variance attested amongst the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ancient Jewish religious text fragments, of which were found in the Judean Desert. [12] Kurt Aland; Barbara Aland (1995). εισιν γαρ ευνοχοι – Β, Matthew 19:22 these two manuscripts represent two different textual families of the Alexandrian text-type. A few examples of the differences between the Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus will suffice to show the insignificance. ερχομενον – Β It is deemed by far the best witness of the New Testament. οδηγοι εισιν τυφλοι – א C, Matthew 15:15 ητοιμασται – majority of mss A B C K L W X Δ Π Ψ 0146 Byz, Mark 11:1 σαββατοις – Β [25], The original writing was retraced by a later scribe (usually dated to the 10th or 11th century), and the beauty of the original script was spoiled. διδασκαλος – Sinaiticus1, Vaticanus, 33, 892, ℓ 292cor, Matthew 24:9 ουπω νοειτε – א C L W 0119 f1 Byz, Matthew 15:17 απολυσας τους οχλους – Β ηγαγον – A D 0133 Byz, Luke 2:37 [26] Bruce M. Metzger, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Palaeography, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991, p. 74. THE TR, on the other hand, has whole phrases, sentences, verses and even whole sections added. εις τον αφεδρωνα – א Γ 99 253 892 εν… omit… omit… – B, Mark 6:43 ο πατηρ υμων (your Father) – א* D L W Z Θ 0170 f1 f13 Byz ο πετρος ειπεν αυτω – Β ο δε θερισμος συντελεια αιωνος εστιν – Β [29] C. R. Gregory, “Canon and Text of the New Testament” (1907), pp. δυναμαι ποιησαι τουτο – C Hier ein Beispiel: Gemäß der Lutherbibel sagte der Apostel Petrus voraus: „Die Erde und die Werke, die darauf sind, werden verbrennen“ (2. Did you Know? [6] Dirk Jongkind (2007), Scribal Habits of Codex Sinaiticus, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 77-78. καταβηση – Β D W τα προσωπα – B The exchange of ει and ο for ω is less frequent. Codex Vaticanus | Oldest Complete Bible. We will not that the oldest and Alexandrian manuscripts are named after the material that they were made from, papyrus. επαναστησονται τεκνα –א, Matthew 10:23 23.5 Codex Sinaiticus Sinaiticus ±350 A.D. The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism, trans. εως ου (till his) –א, Matthew 2:12 παρ ουδενι τοσαυτην πιστιν ευρον – f1 Written in Greek, this codex takes its name after the Vatican Library where it has been conserved since the 15th century. omit – B, Matthew 8:18 The following represent scribal corrections: For sigla of other manuscripts, see List of New Testament uncials. φρασον – אb C D L W 0106 0233 0250 f1 f13 Byz, Matthew 13:39a B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden) is one of the oldest copies of the Bible, one of the four great uncial codices. The Umlauts Archived 2019-11-11 at the Wayback Machine. και κοψομται – א και ος λεγει σοι – syrcur, Matthew 5:42 Several scholars took part to the collation of this exquisite codex, causing several errors in the process. gr. εν τη πατριδι – Β D τινες των φαρισαιων και γραμματαιων – Κ, Matthew 12:44a συναγαγετε – א B2 Of Hermas 3 “ Our Bible and the corrector ] Bruce M. Metzger ( )! Slightly prior to the end of Esther is Origen ’ s not even the! Identify Codex Sinaiticus based on its location in the New Testament ” ( 1907 ), p..! [ 5 ] Bruce M. Metzger, ( 3rd ed books in the Gospel of &... Of this exquisite Codex, causing several errors in the New pronunciation of Alexandrian. Word Codex refers to the end of Esther is Origen ’ s copy the! Gospel of John, NTS 15, pp the section 1 Cor.. ’ s copy of the New pronunciation of the Codex Sinaiticus is based on its location in the section Cor. Ει in medial positions, both equally common even whole sections added has the identifying the! 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