The holy, spiritual day which began at Pentecost, has continued without interruption in the Orthodox Church, with the inexpressible richness of divine gifts and life-giving forces. Though some[who?] For other uses, see, The Greek term used for Shavuot in the Septuagint translation of, ἐπ᾽ αὐτὴν ἔτους πεντηκοστοῦ καὶ ἑκατοστοῦ. A Christian holy day known also as Whit Sunday, White Sunday and Whitsun (United Kingdom) commemorating the decent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles and followers of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem according to Acts 2:1-31. Food with Oil. Nativity Fast. This group of visitors includes both Jews and "proselytes" (προσήλυτος, prosēlytos); sometimes translated as "converts to Judaism", proselyte referred to non-Jews who adhered fully to the Mosaic laws, including circumcision. Further, Goethe records an old peasant proverb relating to Pentecost in his "Sankt-Rochus-Fest zu Bingen"[89] [21][30] (Out of the four New Testament gospels, the distinction between baptism by water and the baptism by Christ with "Holy Spirit and fire" is only found in Matthew and Luke. [17], Peter's sermon in Acts 2:14–36 stresses the resurrection and exaltation. Saint Mary's Orthodox Church. Ukraine Sunday, June 7 2020-06-07. About one hundred and twenty followers of Christ (Acts 1:15) were present, including the Twelve Apostles (Matthias was Judas' replacement) (Acts 1:13, 26), Jesus' mother Mary, other female disciples and his brothers (Acts 1:14). Both Catholics and Protestants may hold spiritual retreats, prayer vigils, and litanies in the days leading up to Pentecost. He also denounces Manichean doctrine on the Holy Spirit, which taught that the Holy Spirit was present in Mani. Peter I (5th c.) and Samuel I (5th-6th c.), catholicoses of Georgia. These symbolize the renewal of life, the coming of the warmth of summer, and the growth of the church at and from the first Pentecost. Alleluia, Alleluia, Alleluia! St. John Chrysostom Russian Orthodox Church. This is what it means to possess all things. Orthodox Pentecost 2020 falls on Sunday, June 7. Orthodox Ethos is a collective effort of nearly a dozen Orthodox Christians, ordained and lay. 65159 County Road 33 Goshen, Indiana 46528. email: saintmarysorthodox@gmail.com. #Orthodox #Christian #SanFrancisco. Do you fear, say, that the Holy Ghost may come down in the form of fiery tongues and open the gates of my prison?"[90]. Marking the festival's importance, in several denominations, such as the Lutheran, Episcopal, and United Methodist churches, and formerly in the Roman Catholic Church, all the Sundays from the holiday itself until Advent in late November or December are designated the 2nd, 3rd, Nth, Sunday after Pentecost, etc. Date: Easter + 49 days.Wiki.. The Christian holiday of Pentecost, which is celebrated the 50th day (the seventh Sunday) from Easter Sunday,[2] commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 2:1–31). Finally, I had only one piece that I couldn’t fit, even as a possibility: the Declaration of Arbroath, the fourteenth-century Scottish declaration of independence from England which says that the Scots were taught the Christian faith by St. Andrew himself. [citation needed]. You cannot imagine him as a master of strictness. Man’s true, Eternal Riches. The feast itself lasts three days. Olivier Messiaen composed an organ mass Messe de la Pentecôte in 1949/50. Hymns such as Martin Luther's "Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott" (Come, Holy Spirit, God and Lord),[49][50] Charles Wesley's "Spirit of Faith Come Down"[51][52] and "Come Holy Ghost Our Hearts Inspire"[53] or Hildegard von Bingen's "O Holy Spirit Root of Life"[54][55] are popular. In the United Kingdom the day is known as Whit Monday, and was a bank holiday until 1967 when it was replaced by the Spring Bank Holiday on the last Monday in May. Home / The Orthodox Faith / Lives of the Saints /. [16][17], The events of Acts Chapter 2 are set against the backdrop of the celebration of Pentecost in Jerusalem. [84], While Eastern Christianity treats Pentecost as the last day of Easter in its liturgies, in the Roman liturgy it is usually a separate feast. The Roman Catholic and the Orthodox Church recognize to the Mother of God a special form of veneration called with the Greek word hyperdulia. The fifth of Epip is the commemoration of the Martyrdom of St. Peter and Paul. Flowers, the wearing of white robes or white dresses recalling Baptism, rites such as the laying on of hands, and vibrant singing play prominent roles on these joyous occasions, the blossoming of Spring forming an equal analogy with the blossoming of youth. For donations over $1000 please mark the donation Pentecost 2020 and submit them directly to: Ukrainian Catholic Episcopal Corporation of Saskatchewan 214 Avenue M South Saskatoon, SK S7M 2K4 The Ukranian Catholic Church has graciously agreed to provide staff to do the work of accounting for Pentecost 2020. Also, he had a sense of humor. When Is Orthodox Pentecost 2020? 31 st Week after Pentecost. The Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called was the first of the Apostles to follow Christ, and he later brought his own brother, the holy Apostle Peter, to Christ. Date: Easter + 49 days.Wiki.. St. Andrew (Saguna), metropolitan of Transylvania (1873). "[80], In Port Vila, the capital of Vanuatu, people originating from Pentecost Island usually celebrate their island's name-day with a special church service followed by cultural events such as dancing. Red flowers at the altar/preaching area, and red flowering plants such as geraniums around the church are also typical decorations for Pentecost masses/services. It corresponds to a special power of intercession that the prayers dedicated to the Most Blessed Virgin Mary have in respect of any other saint praying God in favour of His sons and believers. A popular tradition arose in both west and east of decorating the church with roses on Pentecost, leading to a popular designation of Pentecost as Latin: Festa Rosalia or "Rose Feast"; in Greek this became ρουσάλια (rousália). Home. Some composers wrote sacred cantatas to be performed in the church services of these days. [42], An extraordinary service called the "Kneeling Prayer" is observed on the night of Pentecost. It falls on Sunday, May 31, 2020 and most businesses follow regular Sunday opening hours in Canada. Several hymns were written and composed for Pentecost, notably Veni Creator Spiritus (Come, Creator Spirit), attributed to the 9th-century Rabanus Maurus, and translated throughout the centuries in different languages. [16], The Acts narrative of the Pentecost includes numerous references to earlier biblical narratives like the Tower of Babel, and the flood and creation narratives from the Book of Genesis. In Northern Europe Pentecost was preferred even over Easter for this rite, as the temperatures in late spring might be supposed to be more conducive to outdoor immersion as was then the practice. » Orthodox Pentecost 2020, 2021, 2022 Greece. [7] In his sermon, Peter quotes Joel 2:28–32 and Psalm 16 to indicate that first Pentecost marks the start of the Messianic Age. It is celebrated at the time of ninth hour (3:00 pm) on the Sunday of Pentecost by a special three-segment prayer known as the "Office of Genuflection (Kneeling Prayer)". [37], Scholars believe that Pope Leo I's Sermons 75–77 were given on Pentecost Sunday. Vacation. [48], In German speaking and other Central European countries, and also in overseas congregations originating from these countries through migration, green branches are also traditionally used to decorate churches for Pentecost. The main sign of Pentecost in the West is the color red. Volume II - Worship The Church Year Pentecost: The Descent of the Holy Spirit. The term Pentecost appears in the Septuagint as one of names for the Festival of Weeks. In France, following reactions to the implementation of the Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées, Pentecost Monday has been reestablished as a regular (not as a working) holiday on May 3, 2005.[86]. ", "Catholics at Monash: Photos of Ecumenical Pentecost Celebrations", "General audience of Wednestay 28 May 1997", "Did You Ever Wonder... about Pentecost Traditions? [clarification needed], Across denominational lines Pentecost has been an opportunity for Christians to honor the role of the Holy Spirit in their lives, and celebrate the birth of the Church in an ecumenical context.[70][71]. Everything in the Church exists in the Holy Spirit, from the merest detail to the most sublime majesty. Tone five. These may be borne by the congregants, decorate the sanctuary, or released all at once. Above all, Pentecost is a day to hold Confirmation celebrations for youth. Our purpose is to present and support the Orthodox truth, way and life, which is Christ Himself. [10] It became customary to gather at synagogue and read the Book of Ruth and Exodus Chapters 19 and 20. In 2018, Whit Sunday and Whit Monday fall on 27 and 28 May. Holy Pentecost Commemorated on June 7. "[41] The Afterfeast of Pentecost lasts for one week, during which fasting is not permitted, even on Wednesday and Friday. Name. It is one of the relatively few Sundays some Reformed denominations may offer the communion meal, and is one of the days of the year specially appointed among Moravians for the celebration of their Love Feasts. Sts. “But since it had pleased God not to manifest solemnly the mystery of the salvation of the human race before he would pour forth the Spirit promised by Christ, we see the Apostles before the day of Pentecost ‘persevering with one mind in prayer with the women and Mary the Mother of Jesus, and with his brethren’ (Acts 1:14), and we also see Mary by her prayers imploring the gift of the Spirit, who had already overshadowed her in the Annunciation” (Lumen gentium, n.59). [3][15], During the Hellenistic period, the ancient harvest festival also became a day of renewing the Noahic covenant, described in Genesis 9:8-17, which is established between God and "all flesh that is upon the earth". [5], The Septuagint uses the term Pentēkostē to refer to the "Feast of Pentecost" only twice, in the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit and 2 Maccabees. CW. Orthodox Pentecost :: 2020 What day is Orthodox Pentecost? Fish, wine and oil allowed. (The Book of Common Prayer only once uses the word "Pentecost" for the festival. According to tradition, holy Empress Helen brought to Trier the sandal worn on the right foot of the Apostle Andrew the First-Called. St. Paul already in the 1st century notes the importance of this festival to the early Christian communities. Since Pentecost itself is on a Sunday, it is automatically considered to be a public holiday in countries with large Christian denominations. The holiday was also one of the three days each year (along with Christmas and Easter) Roman Catholics were required to confess and receive Holy Communion in order to remain in good ecclesiastical standing.[67]. The Shepherd of Hermas)[45]. With the blessing of Saint Athanasius, Frumentius was elevated to become Bishop of Abyssinia and he returned to that country, which had sheltered him from his childhood. Holy Communion is likewise often a feature of the Protestant observance of Pentecost as well. They have lived Pentecost and received "the seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit" in the sacrament of chrismation. Get in touch with us at team@orthodoxethos.com [56] Other hymns include "Oh that I had a Thousand Voices" ("O daß ich tausend Zungen hätte")[57][58] by German, Johann Mentzer Verse 2: "Ye forest leaves so green and tender, that dance for joy in summer air…" or "O Day Full of Grace" ("Den signede Dag")[59] by Dane, N. F. S. Grundtvig verse 3: "Yea were every tree endowed with speech and every leaflet singing…". November 30 Sunday: New Style. After the council, Pentecost Monday is no longer solemnized. Orthodox Pentecost has been celebrated as a major Christian holiday for hundreds of years, and it continues to be kept with great fervour today. Richard Hillert wrote a Motet for the Day of Pentecost for choir, vibraphone, and prepared electronic tape in 1969. Date. [11][12] The actual mention of fifty days comes from Leviticus 23:16. Menu. There is tradition that says that during the course of his apostolic journeys, he reached the hills of Kiev and erected a cross there, blessed the people, and pronounced a prophecy: “On these hills will shine forth the grace of God, and a great city will be created here, and the Lord will raise up many churches in it.”. St. Vakhtang Gorgasali, king of Georgia (502). There is significant disagreement amongst modern scholars about the interpretation of "Judea" in Acts 2:9. 1:06:54. St. Frumentius, archbishop of Abyssinia (380). Violeta Dinescu composed Pfingstoratorium, an oratorio for Pentecost for five soloists, mixed chorus and small orchestra in 1993. Apostle Andrew, the Holy and All-Praised First-Called. In some cases, red fans, or red handkerchiefs, are distributed to the congregation to be waved during the procession, etc. In a similar way, Pope John Paul II in the general audience held in Vatican on May 28, 1997, affirmed: Retracing the course of the Virgin Mary’s life, the Second Vatican Council recalls her presence in the community waiting for Pentecost. The Marian intercessory prayer is dated to the day before the Pentecost, while it isn't explicitly stated her presence with the Apostles in the day of the Solemnity, in consideration of that she was called "full of grace" of the Holy Spirit God since the time of the Annunciation. Truly, having nothing on earth and no passionate attachment to anything earthly, the Apostles possessed everything—all spiritual riches, all spiritual power; all spiritual consolation. Before the Second Vatican Council Pentecost Monday as well was a Holy Day of Obligation during which the Catholic Church addressed the newly baptized and confirmed. [17][21] Some semantic details suggest that the "house" could be the "upper room" (ὑπερῷον) mentioned in Acts 1:12-26, but there is no literary evidence to confirm the location with certainty and it remains a subject of dispute amongst scholars. In the Roman Catholic Church, Veni Sancte Spiritus is the sequence hymn for the Day of Pentecost. The Orthodox icon of the feast depicts the Twelve Apostles seated in a semicircle (sometimes the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) is shown sitting in the center of them). [21], Peter stated that this event was the beginning of a continual outpouring that would be available to all believers from that point on, Jews and Gentiles alike. However, in the modern Roman Rite (Ordinary Form), Pentecost ends after Evening Prayer on the feast day itself, with Ordinary Time resuming the next day. German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe declared Pentecost "das liebliche Fest" – the lovely Feast, in a selection by the same name in his Reineke Fuchs. [16] Theologian Stephen Wilson has described the narrative as "exceptionally obscure" and various points of disagreement persist among bible scholars. "Byzantine Catholics and the Feast Of Pentecost: "Your good Spirit shall lead me into the land of righteousness. In other places, particularly Sicily and the Italian peninsula, rose petals were and are thrown from the galleries over the congregation, recalling the tongues of fire. [6][7][8] The Septuagint writers also used the word in two other senses: to signify the year of Jubilee (Leviticus 25:10),[6] an event which occurs every 50th year, and in several passages of chronology as an ordinal number. Reply on Twitter 1330550187610185728 Retweet on Twitter 1330550187610185728 Like on Twitter 1330550187610185728 Twitter 1330550187610185728. Password Manager Bounce Emails Search. The typical image of Pentecost in the West is that of the Virgin Mary seated centrally and prominently among the disciples with flames resting on the crowns of their heads. Homily on the Day of the All-Praised Apostle Andrew the First Called. Weekday Day. Holy and All-Praised Apostle Andrew the First-Called (62). [16] By this time, some Jews were already living in Diaspora. [18] Scholars have speculated about a possible earlier literary source for the list of nations including an astrological list by Paul of Alexandria and various references to the Jewish diaspora by writers of the Second Temple era (particularly Philo of Alexandria). At the bottom is an allegorical figure, called Kosmos, which symbolizes the world. December 4 26th Week after Pentecost. A meal is planned for the holiday, to which La Ramée, second in command of the prison, is invited, and by which contrivance, the Duke is able to escape. Johann Sebastian Bach composed several cantatas for Pentecost, including Erschallet, ihr Lieder, erklinget, ihr Saiten! For example, some of the sources say that when he first saw the saunas of the Slavs in what is now Novgorod he wrote letters to friends saying, “These Slavs are such strange people; they torture themselves with birch branches.” He was laughing about it. "[38] Leo calls this the Second Covenant and says that it is "established by the same Spirit who has set up the first". [10] The Festival of Weeks is also called the feast of Harvest in Exodus 23:16 and the day of first fruits in Numbers 28:26. It is also a celebration their membership in the Church. Uniquely, these prayers include a petition for all of those in hell, that they may be granted relief and even ultimate release from their confinement, if God deems this possible.[44]. The liturgical celebrations of Pentecost in Western churches are as rich and varied as those in the East. [64], In the Middle Ages, cathedrals and great churches throughout Western Europe were fitted with a peculiar architectural feature known as a Holy Ghost hole: a small circular opening in the roof that symbolized the entrance of the Holy Spirit into the midst of the congregation. THE Coptic WAY Pentecost 2020 PAGE 8 THE Coptic WAY THE Coptic WAY Pentecost 2020 LETS LEARN COPTIC! Holy and All-Praised Apostle Andrew the First-Called (62). He is holding a towel on which have been placed 12 scrolls, representing the teaching of the Twelve Apostles. Occasionally, parting clouds suggesting the action of the "mighty wind",[46] rays of light and the Dove are also depicted. Historians dismiss this, but I have to point out that his presence there was not physically impossible. Mid-Pentecost (13/05/2020) ... Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Divine Wisdom 1,045 views. This puts Orthodox Pentecost in late May to mid-June in Greece, and the feast traditionally lasts for three days, Sunday through Tuesday. May the God Holy Spirit dwels among the holy Orthodox Christians always that we may be united in peace and everlasting love. Throughout the year, in Roman Catholic piety, Pentecost is the third of the Glorious Mysteries of the Holy Rosary, as well as being one of the Stations of the Resurrection or Via Lucis. ... Tuesday January 5, 2021 / December 23, 2020. For some Protestants, the nine days between Ascension Day, and Pentecost are set aside as a time of fasting and universal prayer in honor of the disciples' time of prayer and unity awaiting the Holy Spirit. History ��� Russian Church in Grand Rapids. He writes that a well-defined, distinct Christian celebration did not exist until later years, when Christians kept the name of "Pentecost" but began to calculate the date of the feast based on Easter rather than Passover. Sunday of the Holy Forefathers. [19][29] In Christian tradition, this event represents fulfillment of the promise that Christ will baptize his followers with the Holy Spirit. It falls on Sunday, May 31, 2020 and most businesses follow regular Sunday opening hours in the United States. From there he went to Donets, to the Crimea, up the Dnepr River to Kiev and to the Scythians of the Ukraine. 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