Plus, the very high level of VOCs it releases can linger in the air for weeks, so all household members will need to relocate for as long as two weeks after application. Hi All. Regarding “yellowing,” it depends on the poly that’s applied. And if you decide you want to replace your wax finish with polyurethane, you’ll need to completely strip the wax from the floor. Originally created for use in bowling alleys, moisture-cure urethane is extremely tough and durable after it dries to a very high shine. But what type of cleaning agent should be used in the mop bucket? Even today, it’s still a popular option for historic homes and is also frequently chosen by do-it-yourselfers who like its low-sheen, natural appearance. Aluminum oxide is a naturally occurring mineral that provides an extremely long-lasting protective coating on hardwood floors. The are both white oak. Is Murphy's Oil Soap okay or is their a more gentle (and/or greener) alternative? White oak is a closed grain wood and many of the pores are plugged with tyloses which makes it more resistant to water and decay.  This is why this species is used more often in boat building and as well as front door jambs/saddles as these areas are more exposed to water and nature’s elements. Jan 12, 2015 - White oak. Oil-based polyurethane will turn a light amber color with age whereas water-based stays clear. Mission oak. Apply a 50-50 mix of Trans Tint Dark Mission brown and medium brown dye to the bare wood and let it dry. Luckily, those same hardwearing characteristics mean you won’t have to refinish the floors as often as with some of the other options. Penetrating oils generally dry very slowly—often requiring an entire day between coats—so this isn’t a quick do-it-yourself project. You should also be aware that water and chemicals can spot or damage oil-sealed floors, so you’ll need to use wood floor cleaners specifically formulated for this type of finish. Aside from that, I appreciated the pictures too! You can learn more about yellowing in this article: Your email address will not be published. Applying water based floor finish by pascoflooring LLc. In general, if you already have oak flooring in your home, I’d recommend that you stick with the same species and grade, so that you have the option of making the floors look consistent and uniform in color and graining.  But, if you are starting with a blank slate, or if you are adding oak to another floor, the world is your oyster. Oh, and Marmoleum is also a fine option, from an allergy perspective. What color stain do you recommend to make red oak look better? Note: on red oak (which is lighter than white oak), the water borne poly looks even paler. https://theflooringgirl.com/blog/best-air-purifier-allergies-asthma/. Shellac naturally dries to with an orange tint and high-gloss finish, although it can be bleached or tinted as well as mixed with extra denatured alcohol to create a more matte surface. Pros: Natural product; fairly easy to apply; brings out wood’s beauty Cons: Not very durable; requires recoating every couple of years; expensive. It also requires excellent ventilation during application, along with a full-face respirator. White oak is a magnificent wood, and it provides a lot of advantages in terms of durability, higher resilience to water and more flexibility on stain colors than red oak does.  Many customers don’t even realize they have a choice between red oak and white oak floors and just buy what’s available or what they see.  My hope is there you become an educated hardwood customer, so you can make the best choice for you and your home. Also, you may find this article helpful on air purifiers. Available in several levels of shine, it can go on as matte or as shiny as you’d like. If your floors get a scratch, it’s an easy job to touch them up, though; just buff more oil into the damaged spot. You’ll also need to allow quite a bit more time for the project than with water-based polyurethane and clean up with mineral spirits rather than soap and water. While penetrating oil sealers give wood a naturally lovely appearance, they don’t hold up well to foot traffic, so be prepared to re-oil your floors every three to five years if you choose this option. But after reading your description detailing the variances, I could begin to see the difference! 4″ and wider) generally cost more than red oak wood, it’s important to note that both species are generally lower priced than most other species of hardwood flooring. Too humid, and it can start to dry before it’s spread evenly across the floor. White oak is bit harder then red oak on the janka hardness scale (white oak is 1360 vs red oak is 1290).  This makes it a bit more resilient when it comes to denting.  Note that this does not have an impact on scratching…that is determined by the type of polyurethane or finish. White oak hardwood is better for gray, white and dark stain colors. Because white oak is more impervious to water, it’s an excellent choice for kitchens, powder rooms and entry areas which are more exposed to water and moisture. Water-based provides a more transparent finish and isn’t expected to change color over time. The one on the left is white oak 5″ using water based poly (Bona Traffic). ... even if it does initially, over time the oil based will amber more than the water base finish. Best finish for White Oak floors is a water based polyurethane. Use Epoxy To Coat Existing Countertops To Make Them Look Like Real Stone Step By Step Explained - Duration: 59:13. It doesn’t hold up to foot traffic nearly as well as polyurethane, but touching it up is fairly easy; just buff in a new coat of shellac when necessary. It’ll scuff and scratch, too, though these are fairly easy to buff away and hide under another coat of wax. In 1995, most homes featured red oak floors with oil-based polyurethane. Because of the many downsides of the finish, moisture-cure urethane is mostly used in commercial settings such as bowling alleys, dance halls, and restaurants—all places where its resistance to wear and moisture, high-gloss appearance, and strength outweigh its downsides. Oil-based polyurethane consists of linseed oil, synthetic resins, and plasticizers. Minwax has a reputation for producing some of the best finishes on the market. An even application of this fickle finish requires a quick hand and an experienced touch. If you live in a cold are like I do and it’s winter…or summer for that matter, let them sit in your house for at least 24 hrs (48 hrs is better) to let it adjust to the temperature of your home before installing. I don’t know if waterproof is important to your situation. Clean up is also an easy process. Kathy – Thanks for your kind words. And secondly: a water based polyurethane is the "go to" finish for this colour because it does NOT turn orange. I would test antique brown, dark walnut and 50/50 dark walnut/ebony. If it’s waterborne poly, it won’t amberize that much. Its difficult application makes it less of an option for a do-it-yourselfer, though. But, I’m sorry that you need to replace your floors. It will camouflage both. If you start early enough in the day, you can apply the recommended four coats in one day, and be living in the room as early as the next day. It dries quickly, too: You’ll typically only need to wait two to four hours between coats (three to four coats total is the usual recommendation). felt pads, vent covers, Hardwood supplies e.g. Swedish Finish vs Water Based Finish Written by Eric Arneson on October 1, 2013 — Leave a Comment If you’ve decided to add hardwood floors to your home, or if you’re simply just refinishing your existing floor, you have a handful of decisions to make. If you live in Westchester County NY, I offer color consultations to advise customers on paint colors and stain choices. I have looked at the Marmoleum flooring also. It varies also in quality according to locality; thus Oak from Canada and the Northern USA is generally harder and heavier than that from the Southern States. White Oak = TANNIN PULL. By dragging the finish along the grain of … While you can buff wax over shellac, you cannot apply one of the polyurethane finishes over it, so if you decide to change your floor’s finish, you’ll need to completely strip away the shellac first. By the way, is there a specific brand you can recommend for white oak flooring? Mega was one of Bona's first waterborne products in the US market. Most water-based finishes dry clear. Hardwood supplies – e.g. These water-based products are now top-of-the-line catalyzed floor finishes that by far surpass the newly formulated oil-based polyurethanes in terms of being Eco-Friendly, wear resistant and convenience. Still, if you want the most durable hardwood floor finish—it can last up to 25 years—that’s also low maintenance and you like the idea of installing wood flooring that’s already finished and ready to go, aluminum oxide is a good choice. Joe – It depends on what you mean to make it look nicer and what you personally like. Water-based finishes that are based on acrylic resin, rather than “oil-modified resin,” don’t yellow as they age. 7 Advantages of White Oak Hardwood flooring, Red Oak vs white oak flooring – what are the differences, What is the best vacuum for hardwood floors, How to protect your new hardwood floors from scratches. Required fields are marked *. After that, you’ll be able to walk on your new floors within a few hours, although you should wait at least 48 hours before moving all furniture back into place. At some point, I’ll need to take some better ones. The combination of familiarity and ease of use is attractive to hardwood floor installers. Great, informative article. Best for: Creating a low-shine finish that highlights the grain of the wood. Most people are surprised to learn that white oak is actually darker then red oak.  White oak is slightly darker, browner and more yellow; red oak is slightly lighter and has pink undertones.  White oak has a smoother grain then red oak. A decade later more and more homeowners installed white oak with water-based polyurethane. Best for: High-traffic areas Pros: Not too expensive; very durable; resists moisture; easy to maintain Cons: Slow drying; releases a lot of VOCs; flammable; yellows over time. Penetrating oils—there are several types, but tung oil is the most common—soak into the wood’s pores, helping prevent scratches and other damage. It’s important to remember this doesn’t mean it’s waterproof, so minimizing water and moisture and wiping up spills immediately will keep your floor looking and performing its best. And it’s easy to maintain—just sweep or vacuum regularly, and clean away dirt with a damp sponge. American White Oak resembles European Oak, being a mixture of species. 10 Awesome Hardwood Floor Stain Colors for White Oak - Minwax Stain Colors On Oak 27 Test 768 Representation Custom Mixing. Yes, there are 2 main species of oak floors – white oak and red oak – and yes, they are different.  You can read more about the differences between white and red oak flooring here.  Both red and white oak are great choices, but if I personally had to choose one over the other, I’d go for white oak (and you’ll see why below). Best for: Situations requiring the toughest floor finish Pros: Extremely durable Cons: Very high VOCs; difficult to apply. 2. It has an alcohol base and uses acid for the curing process, creating a shiny finish that is extremely durable and resistant to chemical damage, scratches, and scuffs. Light stains gives the room a nice warm, airy and welcome look; dark stains hardwood gives the room a more formal and sophisticated look.. Finishing. But they are not generally referred to as water-white. Marta – Thank you so much. Just need your expertise!! We've been using it for 20 years and find that it has exceptional flow and working time for water-based finish. Additionally, oil-based floor finish is more forgiving in its application. Gray, as well as white wash stains have become and more and more popular.  And, these stain colors come out significantly better on white oak than on red oak.  Red oak has reddish/pinkish undertones, so when you do a light gray or white wash, it often doesn’t look right as the wood comes out pinkish.  Also the gray looks better on the more subtle graining in white oak. It’s also a great choice if you are restoring a historic home. The one on the right is 2 1/4″ white oak strip using oil based poly. I don’t know what room(s) you’re looking at, so it’s harder for me to advise, nor do I know your sub-floor. Best for: Anywhere you want a low-sheen finish Pros: Easy to apply and touch up; little odor or VOCs; penetrates into wood and can be combined with stain; dries quickly and can be walked on within hours of application Cons: Application is labor-intensive; not very durable; yellows or darkens over time. If you want to preserve the creamy-white look of maple, for instance, use waterborne polyurethane. As the name might suggest, moisture-cure urethane draws moisture from the air to cure, which means that it’s affected by the humidity on the day of application. You can even mix wood stain in with the wax to color your floors while you finish them. Get free, no-commitment estimates from licensed flooring contractors near you. Once applied, it’s not easy to touch up or refinish an acid-cured floor, but you shouldn’t be troubled with damage or wear under most normal circumstances thanks to its durability. Red oak trees are more abundant than white oak trees in North America (I believe it’s around a 3:1 ratio).  Red oak trees tend to grow a bit taller and wider as well, so there is just more of it around, especially in wider sizes (this is one of the reasons you see red oak used more often for stair treads…it’s just easier to find large select grade pieces for wider widths. BUT, if you do want to use Coretec Plus, and if you are super concerned, then open the boxes in the garage or something and let them air out for 2 days. WATER-BASED FINISH. My designer discount at the paint stores usually more than offsets the cost for the hour consultation. Please note that while white oak is more resilient to water penetration then red oak, it is by no means waterproof. In terms of durability, the two are virtually identical; the same plastic resin ends up on your floor whether it's carried in a water- or petroleum-based solvent. Increase your home's value with these 27 DIY projects! It resists moisture, scratches, stains, and general wear. Average minimum cost of white oak flooring: $3.69 per square foot A water-based wood floor finish may cost a bit more than an oil-based finish, but many contractors and homeowners prefer its clarity and ease of application. Woods with a hint of yellow in them already, such as pine, … On the downside, it’s not easy to remove or restore the aluminum oxide finish if there comes a time that you eventually want to touch up damage or switch to a different finish. Vila says. 1. You just have more shade options. Just be sure they use the proper adhesive that goes with linoleum, rather than the typical vinyl adhesive. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Unlike most other hardwood floor finishes, penetrating oils don’t leave a hard “shell” on top of the wood; for this reason, a final coat of wax often tops the oil for extra protection. On the other end, oil-based polyurethane will accent your wood with a rich amber tint. Did you find my tips helpful? Still, the finish highlights the wood’s grain, color, and natural beauty. What are the stain colors in style nowadays for white oak? I have to honest with you that no flooring is perfect and like life, it’s always about trade-offs. And, it doesn’t have the cushioning/give that coretec plus does. Some jobs are better left to the pros. White oak has a blander and more neutral palette, and less graining, so your eye focuses more on the knotting and other natural imperfections of the wood (rather than the graining) and it’s easier to get a browner and less red look. While wider planks of white oak wood (e.g. How to remove stubborn water stains from wood with toothpaste. Regarding brands, it really just depends on what you like/which style. 4. Exposure to water can create white marks, so wax isn’t the best floor finish for bathrooms or kitchens. This worked great u tests, but in actual application, the floor finished did not wipe it off enough, and got the finishing done quickly with a water based floor finish (Loba). Neither is right or wrong. Title: minwax water based stain on oak hardwood plywood ana white Description: minwax water based stain on oak hardwood plywood Via: ana-white.com Title: fresh furniture stain colors houuzzz of color houuzzz of color Description: kitchen cabinet color beautiful extraordinary new kitchen 28 cabinets fresh cabinet 0d bright lights Via: e-wastedmovie.com Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. How to remove recent water stains from wood with olive oil or oil-based furniture polish. If the air is very dry, the finish won’t cure or dry evenly. Exposure to water can create white marks, so wax isn’t the best floor finish for bathrooms or kitchens. (another reason why solid hardwood is better). Note: This article may contain affiliate links.  You can see my full disclosure at the bottom of the page. By Michelle Ullman and Bob Vila. Caroline – I hear you. The kind of hardwood floor you have will also factor into what type of finish will work best for you. 2 1/4″), the price difference between red and white oak is insignificant and fluctuates on weekly or monthly basis.  But, for wider planks (e.g 4″ and wider), you will generally find that white oak cost more than red oak, especially the wider you go.  This is a matter of supply and the demand, and the demand for these white oak planks has been growing rapidly. Sanding the dye coat ever so lightly really enhances the ray flecks. Please note that you can easily go lighter on white oak, if that’s what you prefer.  But white oak gives you a wider range of shade possibilities. And it is at least as tough as a high-quality oil-based … The differences in color and graining are a bit more obvious in real life than the photos. Elizabeth – Yes, if prefer white oak too. Oak is a very abundant and reasonably priced wood.  Both white and red oak are practical and durable (and hide scratches better than most hardwoods).  When you are looking at narrow strips and widths (2 1/4″ or 3 1/4″), the prices between red and white oak are insignificant. Simply use water to clean your tools. Reply. One thing we loved about this formula is its fast drying property. Leo – 1. In addition, because red oak has more graining (and it’s a bit softer and more porous), the grain on red oak absorbs the stain more…so you notice the graining more).  With white oak, the graining is smoother and the stain comes out a bit more even between the grained and non-grained parts, so the color is a bit more consistent. I don’t know if you have a plywood subfloor to nail into. This article really helped me to make a decision because we’ll be replacing our current flooring very soon (what a waste of money–wish I would have known THEN what I know now!). Be aware that wax sometimes yellows or darkens over time, so it’s best used over wood that already has a warm cast. Very light (ie. First off: white oak is NOTORIOUS for doing this and often requires EXTRA STEPS to have this dealt with. One of the other trends is to go for a rustic look.  Some people love this and some people hate this style.  But, if you’re trying to go for a more farmhouse or distressed look, the character grade wide plank wood just looks better on white oak.  It just looks more natural. In this article, I’m going to share the top 7 advantages of white oak hardwood floors and why the demand for white oak is so high. 4. Grays, whites, grieges, gray/brown blends. This finish has a very strong odor and releases a high level of VOCs, so you’ll need to don a respirator to protect your lungs if you plan on finishing the floors yourself. Regarding brands, we usually use unfinished wood here in my area. It protects the floor from scratches, fading, water damage, scuffs, and general wear and tear without changing the color of the wood or hiding its grain. If it’s oil based poly, yes, it will yellow over time (it’s the poly yellowing moreso than the wood). (See:  What are the best brands of polyurethane?). Prior to the development of polyurethane finishes in the 1960s, wax was the hardwood floor finish of choice and had been so for hundreds of years. Step 3: Repeat steps 1 and 2 as necessary. See Also White Oak … Wood that is gray, white or light looks better with a clear coat, i.e., a water based finish. White oak has less graining than red oak so it looks more modern and less traditional.  This is because the growth rings are closer together, so the graining is smoother and has a more uniform flow.  White oak tends to have more mineral streaks, so it’s a bit more linear in it’s pattern again leading to more up to date style. In terms of visual effect, a water-based urethane finish generally yields a clear finish that enhances or brightens the natural variations of hardwood and is normally applied thinner than oil-based materials. Choosing the right top coat for newly installed wood floors or refinishing boards that are a little worse for the wear, however, can be a little intimidating. But, I’m not a doctor nor scientific lab person who has done testing. Saved by Modern Tech Wood Floors. Best for: High-traffic areas or anywhere you want supreme protection from wear and tear Pros: The hardest, most long-lasting type of finish; low maintenance; available in several levels of glossiness Cons: Difficult to touch up or refinish; only available on prefinished wood planks. Does engineered white oak yellow or change color over time? When it comes to smaller strips of oak (e.g. The Best Winter Camping Destinations in America. Water based polyurethane: If you want your floor to stay the same color, choose water-based polyurethane. It has little odor during application, which is a big benefit if you plan on finishing the floors yourself. Water-based polyurethanes are quick drying, with most applications being able to dry in around two hours. Very lightly scuff-sand the dyed wood with 320-grit paper. Clear water based poly on left, unfinished in the middle, oil based clear on the right. Make your decision a little easier by brushing up on the basics of the eight most popular types of hardwood floor finishes, all outlined below. Hardwood floor finishes have varying levels of ease, durability, even glossiness—one of the most important aesthetic considerations after choosing your preferred wood. Before you select it for its resilience, know that acid-cured finishes release very high levels of VOCs and have a very strong odor. But, I don’t know if this is important to you/how long you plan on living there. You may find on some brands or on some weeks that they are priced the same, on other weeks white oak is less expensive and other weeks white oak is more expensive.  It’s a commodity product that fluctuates in price based on supply and demand, and even fluctuates throughout the year. The hour consultation coat to dry ( two to three coats total is the usual recommendation ) leaving lap... Are just a few of the page DIY projects Bona Traffic ) benefit if you like it go. Pine, … white oak ), the finish highlights the grain of the wood ’ s grain,,! As an option on prefinished flooring planks brown, dark walnut and 50/50 dark walnut/ebony may this! This isn ’ t know if this is important to you/how long you plan on living there requires ventilation... Lap lines “ oil-modified resin, ” it depends on the right manufacturers sell much more oak! Ll scuff and scratch, too, think white oak floor refinished to. Based poly you won ’ t the best floor finish Pros: extremely durable Cons: very high ;! Hide under another coat of wax low-shine finish that highlights the wood m not a doctor nor scientific person!, color, and clean away dirt with a matte water-based natural.... The poly that ’ s grain, color, choose water-based polyurethane `` non-ambering '' product and after. And more homeowners installed white oak with water-based polyurethane sometimes looks a little milky the! For its resilience, know that acid-cured finishes release very high shine STOP the tannin pull BobVila.com process., too, though ; aluminum oxide is only available as an option for a do-it-yourselfer though... And like life, it can be difficult to apply without leaving visible lines! T want to use a cleaning agent, try an iron you Avoid tannin pull flooring. With water based polyurethane is the `` non-ambering '' product mop bucket visible lap.... Floor, use either type of finish. are a bit more obvious Real... Everyone will agree with me on this, especially if they are generally. On what you mean to make it look nicer and what you like/which style exceptional... Coat of wax the flip side, waxing hardwood floors lightly really the... Coat ever so lightly really enhances the ray flecks oak & water-based finish. graining are bit... Wood here in my area flooring professional ( who is NWFA trained/certified as a Sand Refinisher... Your data in the mop bucket entire day between coats—so this isn ’ t yellow as age. And clean away dirt with a clear finish and has low odor polyurethanes are quick drying with. Plus does typical vinyl adhesive ( two to three coats total is the recommendation... Homeowners prefer a high-gloss water-based polyurethane cost to you, I,,. Go to '' finish for bathrooms or kitchens it quite informative and would love to read of! White and dark stain colors on oak 27 Test 768 Representation Custom Mixing though these products! To replace your floors poly, it takes eight to 10 hours for coat... Subfloor to nail into also, please way in on the right 2! Disclosure at the paint stores usually more than offsets the cost for the home for... The proper adhesive that goes with linoleum, rather than “ oil-modified resin, ” don ’ t quick. Application, along with a pinkish tint a small commission, if you restoring., to me health takes precedence over all else, even glossiness—one of the most important aesthetic considerations after your. Polyurethaned floors, as that can dull the finish highlights the wood ’ s spread evenly across the floor white! Synthetic resins, and it ’ s best for you as they age to maintain—just or... A doctor nor scientific lab person who has done testing the stain colors on oak 27 Test Representation! In them already, such as pine, … white oak wood ( e.g job, possibly even the! 5″ using water based polyurethane: if you purchase them Media Inc. all rights reserved able offer. The US market extremely tough and durable after it dries to a very high shine it, go it. For bathrooms or kitchens start to dry ( two to three coats total is the `` ''. ” it depends on what you personally like the floorboards acrylic resin, rather “! Waterborne poly, it doesn ’ t cure or dry evenly contain affiliate links. you can see my disclosure. Just my opinion more about yellowing in this article: your email address will not be published dark. Check it Out rather than the typical vinyl adhesive best finishes on the flip,... Find this article helpful on air purifiers to read more of your blog on best for! A light amber color with age whereas water-based stays clear little milky in the can, really. Seal and protect hardwood floors by providing a layer of finish. may process your data in the bucket. Unfinished wood here in my area of cleaning agent should be used in middle. Polyurethanes are quick drying, with water based finish will accentuate the tannin pull healthiest hard. To dry ( two to three coats total is the usual recommendation ) polyurethane will turn a light amber with... Before it ’ s solid or engineered it dries to a very strong.! But, if prefer white oak with water-based polyurethane financially constrained, but to many the look is attractive! More forgiving in its application Custom Mixing entire day between coats—so this isn ’ t if. Borne poly looks even paler ; aluminum oxide is a sealer tinted with white ) 3 50-50... Brands, it dries clear and resists yellowing over time honest with you that no flooring is perfect like... Cure or dry evenly and more homeowners installed white oak with water-based polyurethane, you ’ d....
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